ECHO(1) User Commands ECHO(1)

echo - display a line of text

echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]...

Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.

do not output the trailing newline
enable interpretation of backslash escapes
disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)
display this help and exit
output version information and exit

If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:

alert (BEL)
produce no further output
form feed
new line
carriage return
horizontal tab
vertical tab
byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

Your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell's documentation for details about the options it supports.

Consider using the 'printf' command instead, as it avoids problems when outputting option-like strings.

Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.

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Copyright © 2024 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


Full documentation
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) echo invocation'

March 2024 GNU coreutils 9.5