atanh(3) Library Functions Manual atanh(3)

atanh, atanhf, atanhl - inverse hyperbolic tangent function

Math library (libm, -lm)

#include <math.h>
double atanh(double x);
float atanhf(float x);
long double atanhl(long double x);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

atanh():

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
        || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
        || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
        || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

atanhf(), atanhl():

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
        || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
        || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

These functions calculate the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x; that is the value whose hyperbolic tangent is x.

On success, these functions return the inverse hyperbolic tangent of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 (-0), +0 (-0) is returned.

If x is +1 or -1, a pole error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the mathematically correct sign.

If the absolute value of x is greater than 1, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
errno is set to ERANGE (but see BUGS). A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
atanh (), atanhf (), atanhl () Thread safety MT-Safe

C11, POSIX.1-2008.

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

In glibc 2.9 and earlier, when a pole error occurs, errno is set to EDOM instead of the POSIX-mandated ERANGE. Since glibc 2.10, glibc does the right thing.

acosh(3), asinh(3), catanh(3), cosh(3), sinh(3), tanh(3)

2024-05-02 Linux man-pages 6.8