STRSEP(3) Library Functions Manual STRSEP(3)

strsep - extract token from string

Standard C library (libc, -lc)

#include <string.h>
char *strsep(char **restrict stringp, const char *restrict delim);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

strsep():


Since glibc 2.19:
_DEFAULT_SOURCE
Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
_BSD_SOURCE

If *stringp is NULL, the strsep() function returns NULL and does nothing else. Otherwise, this function finds the first token in the string *stringp that is delimited by one of the bytes in the string delim. This token is terminated by overwriting the delimiter with a null byte ('\0'), and *stringp is updated to point past the token. In case no delimiter was found, the token is taken to be the entire string *stringp, and *stringp is made NULL.

The strsep() function returns a pointer to the token, that is, it returns the original value of *stringp.

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
strsep () Thread safety MT-Safe

4.4BSD.

The strsep() function was introduced as a replacement for strtok(3), since the latter cannot handle empty fields. However, strtok(3) conforms to C89/C99 and hence is more portable.

Be cautious when using this function. If you do use it, note that:

  • This function modifies its first argument.
  • This function cannot be used on constant strings.
  • The identity of the delimiting character is lost.

The program below is a port of the one found in strtok(3), which, however, doesn't discard multiple delimiters or empty tokens:


$ ./a.out 'a/bbb///cc;xxx:yyy:' ':;' '/'
1: a/bbb///cc

--> a
--> bbb
-->
-->
--> cc 2: xxx
--> xxx 3: yyy
--> yyy 4:
-->

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{

char *token, *subtoken;
if (argc != 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s string delim subdelim\n", argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
for (unsigned int j = 1; (token = strsep(&argv[1], argv[2])); j++) {
printf("%u: %s\n", j, token);
while ((subtoken = strsep(&token, argv[3])))
printf("\t --> %s\n", subtoken);
}
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }

index(3), memchr(3), rindex(3), strchr(3), string(3), strpbrk(3), strspn(3), strstr(3), strtok(3)

2022-10-09 Linux man-pages 6.01