stdbuf - Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams.
stdbuf OPTION... COMMAND
Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
- -i, --input=MODE
- adjust standard input stream buffering
- -o, --output=MODE
- adjust standard output stream buffering
- -e, --error=MODE
- adjust standard error stream buffering
- display this help and exit
- output version information and exit
If MODE is 'L' the corresponding stream will be line buffered. This option is invalid with standard input.
If MODE is '0' the corresponding stream will be unbuffered.
Otherwise MODE is a number which may be followed by one of the following: KB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G,T,P,E,Z,Y,R,Q. Binary prefixes can be used, too: KiB=K, MiB=M, and so on. In this case the corresponding stream will be fully buffered with the buffer size set to MODE bytes.
NOTE: If COMMAND adjusts the buffering of its standard streams ('tee' does for example) then that will override corresponding changes by 'stdbuf'. Also some filters (like 'dd' and 'cat' etc.) don't use streams for I/O, and are thus unaffected by 'stdbuf' settings.
- if the stdbuf command itself fails
- if COMMAND is found but cannot be invoked
- if COMMAND cannot be found
- the exit status of COMMAND otherwise
tail -f access.log | stdbuf -oL cut -d ' ' -f1 | uniq
This will immediately display unique entries from access.log
On GLIBC platforms, specifying a buffer size, i.e., using fully buffered mode will result in undefined operation.
Written by Padraig Brady.
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Copyright © 2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License
GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) stdbuf invocation'
|April 2023||GNU coreutils 9.3|