This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux
manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be
implemented on Linux.
tty — return user's terminal name
The tty utility shall write to the standard output the name of the
terminal that is open as standard input. The name that is used shall be
equivalent to the string that would be returned by the ttyname()
function defined in the System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2017.
The tty utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of
POSIX.1‐2017, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines.
While no input is read from standard input, standard input shall be examined to
determine whether or not it is a terminal, and, if so, to determine the name
of the terminal.
The following environment variables shall affect the execution of tty:
If standard input is a terminal device, a pathname of the terminal as specified
by the ttyname() function defined in the System Interfaces volume of
POSIX.1‐2017 shall be written in the following format:
- Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. (See the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017,
Section 8.2, Internationalization Variables for the
precedence of internationalization variables used to determine the values
of locale categories.)
- If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the other
- Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of bytes of text
data as characters (for example, single-byte as opposed to multi-byte
characters in arguments).
Determine the locale that should be used to affect the format and contents
of diagnostic messages written to standard error and informative messages
written to standard output.
- Determine the location of message catalogs for the processing of
Otherwise, a message shall be written indicating that standard
input is not connected to a terminal. In the POSIX locale, the tty
utility shall use the format:
The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.
The following exit values shall be returned:
- Standard input is a terminal.
- Standard input is not a terminal.
- An error occurred.
The following sections are informative.
This utility checks the status of the file open as standard input against that
of an implementation-defined set of files. It is possible that no match can be
found, or that the match found need not be the same file as that which was
opened for standard input (although they are the same device).
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, Chapter 8,
Environment Variables, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax
The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2017,
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE
Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating
System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018
Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between
this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original
IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
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