tan(3) Library Functions Manual tan(3)

tan, tanf, tanl - tangent function

Math library (libm, -lm)

#include <math.h>
double tan(double x);
float tanf(float x);
long double tanl(long double x);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

tanf(), tanl():

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
        || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
        || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

These functions return the tangent of x, where x is given in radians.

On success, these functions return the tangent of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is positive infinity or negative infinity, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If the correct result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the mathematically correct sign.

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

errno is set to EDOM (but see BUGS). An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
tan (), tanf (), tanl () Thread safety MT-Safe

C11, POSIX.1-2008.

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

Before glibc 2.10, the glibc implementation did not set errno to EDOM when a domain error occurred.

acos(3), asin(3), atan(3), atan2(3), cos(3), ctan(3), sin(3)

2024-05-02 Linux man-pages 6.8