systemd-sleep.conf, sleep.conf.d - Suspend and hibernation configuration file
systemd supports four general power-saving modes:
Settings in these files determine what strings will be written to /sys/power/disk and /sys/power/state by systemd-sleep(8) when systemd(1) attempts to suspend or hibernate the machine. See systemd.syntax(7) for a general description of the syntax.
The default configuration is set during compilation, so configuration is only needed when it is necessary to deviate from those defaults. Initially, the main configuration file in /etc/systemd/ contains commented out entries showing the defaults as a guide to the administrator. Local overrides can be created by editing this file or by creating drop-ins, as described below. Using drop-ins for local configuration is recommended over modifications to the main configuration file.
In addition to the "main" configuration file, drop-in configuration snippets are read from /usr/lib/systemd/*.conf.d/, /usr/local/lib/systemd/*.conf.d/, and /etc/systemd/*.conf.d/. Those drop-ins have higher precedence and override the main configuration file. Files in the *.conf.d/ configuration subdirectories are sorted by their filename in lexicographic order, regardless of in which of the subdirectories they reside. When multiple files specify the same option, for options which accept just a single value, the entry in the file sorted last takes precedence, and for options which accept a list of values, entries are collected as they occur in the sorted files.
When packages need to customize the configuration, they can install drop-ins under /usr/. Files in /etc/ are reserved for the local administrator, who may use this logic to override the configuration files installed by vendor packages. Drop-ins have to be used to override package drop-ins, since the main configuration file has lower precedence. It is recommended to prefix all filenames in those subdirectories with a two-digit number and a dash, to simplify the ordering of the files.
To disable a configuration file supplied by the vendor, the recommended way is to place a symlink to /dev/null in the configuration directory in /etc/, with the same filename as the vendor configuration file.
The following options can be configured in the [Sleep] section of /etc/systemd/sleep.conf or a sleep.conf.d file:
AllowSuspend=, AllowHibernation=, AllowSuspendThenHibernate=, AllowHybridSleep=
If AllowHibernation=no or AllowSuspend=no is used, this implies AllowSuspendThenHibernate=no and AllowHybridSleep=no, since those methods use both suspend and hibernation internally. AllowSuspendThenHibernate=yes and AllowHybridSleep=yes can be used to override and enable those specific modes.
SuspendMode=, HibernateMode=, HybridSleepMode=
The allowed set of values is determined by the kernel and is shown in the file itself (use cat /sys/power/disk to display). See the kernel documentation for more details.
systemd-suspend-then-hibernate.service(8) uses the value of SuspendMode= when suspending and the value of HibernateMode= when hibernating.
SuspendState=, HibernateState=, HybridSleepState=
The allowed set of values is determined by the kernel and is shown in the file itself (use cat /sys/power/state to display). See the kernel documentation for more details.
systemd-suspend-then-hibernate.service(8) uses the value of SuspendState= when suspending and the value of HibernateState= when hibernating.
Example: to exploit the “freeze” mode added in Linux 3.9, one can use systemctl suspend with
- the kernel documentation