Since version 2.35, script supports multiple streams and allows the logging of input and output to separate files or all the one file. This version also supports new timing file which records additional information. The command scriptreplay --summary then provides all the information.
If the argument file or option --log-out file is given, script saves the dialogue in this file. If no filename is given, the dialogue is saved in the file typescript.
Note that logging input using --log-in or --log-io may record security-sensitive information as the log file contains all terminal session input (e.g., passwords) independently of the terminal echo flag setting.
- -a, --append
- Append the output to file or to typescript, retaining the prior contents.
- -c, --command command
- Run the command rather than an interactive shell. This makes it easy for a script to capture the output of a program that behaves differently when its stdout is not a tty.
- -E, --echo when
- This option controls the ECHO flag for the pseudoterminal within the session. The supported modes are always, never, or auto. The default is auto -- in this case, ECHO is disabled if the current standard input is a terminal iin order to avoid double-echo, and enabled if standard input is not a terminal (for example pipe: echo date | script) to avoid missing input in the session log.
- -e, --return
- Return the exit status of the child process. Uses the same format as bash termination on signal termination (i.e., exit status is 128 + the signal number). The exit status of the child process is always stored in the type script file too.
- -f, --flush
- Flush output after each write. This is nice for telecooperation: one person does `mkfifo foo; script -f foo', and another can supervise in real-time what is being done using `cat foo'. Note that flush has an impact on performance; it's possible to use SIGUSR1 to flush logs on demand.
- Allow the default output file typescript to be a hard or symbolic link. The command will follow a symbolic link.
- -B, --log-io file
- Log input and output to the same file. Note, this option makes sense only if --log-timing is also specified, otherwise it's impossible to separate output and input streams from the log file.
- -I, --log-in file
- Log input to the file. The log output is disabled if only
Use this logging functionality carefully as it logs all input, including input when terminal has disabled echo flag (for example, password inputs).
- -O, --log-out file
- Log output to the file. The default is to log output to the file with name typescript if the option --log-out or --log-in is not given. The log output is disabled if only --log-in specified.
- -T, --log-timing file
- Log timing information to the file. Two timing file formats are supported now. The classic format is used when only one stream (input or output) logging is enabled. The multi-stream format is used on --log-io or when --log-in and --log-out are used together. See also --logging-format.
- -m, --logging-format format
- Force use of advanced or classic format. The default is the classic format to log only output and the advanced format when input as well as output logging is requested.
The log contains two fields, separated by a space. The first field indicates how much time elapsed since the previous output. The second field indicates how many characters were output this time.
Advanced (multi-stream) format
The first field is an entry type identifier ('I'nput, 'O'utput, 'H'eader, 'S'ignal). The socond field is how much time elapsed since the previous entry, and the rest of the entry is type-specific data.
- -o, --output-limit size
- Limit the size of the typescript and timing files to size and stop the child process after this size is exceeded. The calculated file size does not include the start and done messages that the script command prepends and appends to the child process output. Due to buffering, the resulting output file might be larger than the specified value.
- -q, --quiet
- Be quiet (do not write start and done messages to standard output).
- -t[file], --timing[=file]
- Output timing data to standard error, or to file when given. This option is deprecated in favour of --log-timing where the file argument is not optional.
- -V, --version
- Display version information and exit.
- -h, --help
- Display help text and exit.
- If the variable SHELL exists, the shell forked by script will be that shell. If SHELL is not set, the Bourne shell is assumed. (Most shells set this variable automatically).
Certain interactive commands, such as vi(1), create garbage in the typescript file. script works best with commands that do not manipulate the screen, the results are meant to emulate a hardcopy terminal.
It is not recommended to run script in non-interactive shells. The inner shell of script is always interactive, and this could lead to unexpected results. If you use script in the shell initialization file, you have to avoid entering an infinite loop. You can use for example the .profile file, which is read by login shells only:
if test -t 0 ; then script exit fi
You should also avoid use of script in command pipes, as script can read more input than you would expect.
script is primarily designed for interactive terminal sessions. When stdin is not a terminal (for example: echo foo | script), then the session can hang, because the interactive shell within the script session misses EOF and script has no clue when to close the session. See the NOTES section for more information.