|PROCESS-KEYRING(7)||Linux Programmer's Manual||PROCESS-KEYRING(7)|
A special serial number value, KEY_SPEC_PROCESS_KEYRING, is defined that can be used in lieu of the actual serial number of the calling process's process keyring.
A thread created using the clone(2) CLONE_THREAD flag has the same process keyring as the caller of clone(2). When a new process is created using fork() it initially has no process keyring. A process's process keyring is cleared on execve(2). The process keyring is destroyed when the last thread that refers to it terminates.
If a process doesn't have a process keyring when it is accessed, then the process keyring will be created if the keyring is to be modified; otherwise, the error ENOKEY results.