|MKSTEMP(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||MKSTEMP(3)|
int mkstemp(char *template); int mkostemp(char *template, int flags); int mkstemps(char *template, int suffixlen); int mkostemps(char *template, int suffixlen, int flags);
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L || /* Glibc <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE
/* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* Glibc <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE
The last six characters of template must be "XXXXXX" and these are replaced with a string that makes the filename unique. Since it will be modified, template must not be a string constant, but should be declared as a character array.
The file is created with permissions 0600, that is, read plus write for owner only. The returned file descriptor provides both read and write access to the file. The file is opened with the open(2) O_EXCL flag, guaranteeing that the caller is the process that creates the file.
The mkostemp() function is like mkstemp(), with the difference that the following bits—with the same meaning as for open(2)—may be specified in flags: O_APPEND, O_CLOEXEC, and O_SYNC. Note that when creating the file, mkostemp() includes the values O_RDWR, O_CREAT, and O_EXCL in the flags argument given to open(2); including these values in the flags argument given to mkostemp() is unnecessary, and produces errors on some systems.
The mkstemps() function is like mkstemp(), except that the string in template contains a suffix of suffixlen characters. Thus, template is of the form prefixXXXXXXsuffix, and the string XXXXXX is modified as for mkstemp().
The mkostemps() function is to mkstemps() as mkostemp() is to mkstemp().
- Could not create a unique temporary filename. Now the contents of template are undefined.
- For mkstemp() and mkostemp(): The last six characters of template were not XXXXXX; now template is unchanged.
- For mkstemps() and mkostemps(): template is less than (6 + suffixlen) characters long, or the last 6 characters before the suffix in template were not XXXXXX.
These functions may also fail with any of the errors described for open(2).
|mkstemp (), mkostemp (), mkstemps (), mkostemps ()||Thread safety||MT-Safe|
mkstemps(): unstandardized, but appears on several other systems.
mkostemp() and mkostemps(): are glibc extensions.
More generally, the POSIX specification of mkstemp() does not say anything about file modes, so the application should make sure its file mode creation mask (see umask(2)) is set appropriately before calling mkstemp() (and mkostemp()).