|MBSNRTOWCS(3)||Linux Programmer's Manual||MBSNRTOWCS(3)|
size_t mbsnrtowcs(wchar_t *restrict dest, const char **restrict src, size_t nms, size_t len, mbstate_t *restrict ps);
Since glibc 2.10: _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L Before glibc 2.10: _GNU_SOURCE
If dest is not NULL, the mbsnrtowcs() function converts at most nms bytes from the multibyte string *src to a wide-character string starting at dest. At most len wide characters are written to dest. The shift state *ps is updated. The conversion is effectively performed by repeatedly calling mbrtowc(dest, *src, n, ps) where n is some positive number, as long as this call succeeds, and then incrementing dest by one and *src by the number of bytes consumed. The conversion can stop for three reasons:
- An invalid multibyte sequence has been encountered. In this case, *src is left pointing to the invalid multibyte sequence, (size_t) -1 is returned, and errno is set to EILSEQ.
- The nms limit forces a stop, or len non-L'\0' wide characters have been stored at dest. In this case, *src is left pointing to the next multibyte sequence to be converted, and the number of wide characters written to dest is returned.
- The multibyte string has been completely converted, including the terminating null wide character ('\0') (which has the side effect of bringing back *ps to the initial state). In this case, *src is set to NULL, and the number of wide characters written to dest, excluding the terminating null wide character, is returned.
According to POSIX.1, if the input buffer ends with an incomplete character, it is unspecified whether conversion stops at the end of the previous character (if any), or at the end of the input buffer. The glibc implementation adopts the former behavior.
If dest is NULL, len is ignored, and the conversion proceeds as above, except that the converted wide characters are not written out to memory, and that no destination length limit exists.
In both of the above cases, if ps is NULL, a static anonymous state known only to the mbsnrtowcs() function is used instead.
The programmer must ensure that there is room for at least len wide characters at dest.
|mbsnrtowcs ()||Thread safety||MT-Unsafe race:mbsnrtowcs/!ps|
Passing NULL as ps is not multithread safe.