initgroups(3) Library Functions Manual initgroups(3)

initgroups - initialize the supplementary group access list

Standard C library (libc, -lc)

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <grp.h>
int initgroups(const char *user, gid_t group);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):


    Since glibc 2.19:
    glibc 2.19 and earlier:

The initgroups() function initializes the group access list by reading the group database /etc/group and using all groups of which user is a member. The additional group group is also added to the list.

The user argument must be non-NULL.

The initgroups() function returns 0 on success. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

Insufficient memory to allocate group information structure.
The calling process has insufficient privilege. See the underlying system call setgroups(2).

group database file

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
initgroups () Thread safety MT-Safe locale


SVr4, 4.3BSD.

getgroups(2), setgroups(2), credentials(7)

2024-05-02 Linux man-pages 6.9.1