GETCAP(8) System Manager's Manual GETCAP(8)

getcap - examine file capabilities

getcap [-v] [-n] [-r] [-h] filename [ ... ]

getcap displays the name and capabilities of each specified file.

prints quick usage.
prints any non-zero user namespace root user ID value found to be associated with a file's capabilities.
enables recursive search.
display all searched entries, even if the have no file-capabilities.

NOTE: an empty value of '=' is not equivalent to an omitted (or removed) capability on a file. This is most significant with respect to the Ambient capability vector, since a process with Ambient capabilities will lose them when executing a file having '=' capabilities, but will retain the Ambient inheritance of privilege when executing a file with an omitted file capability. This special empty setting can be used to prevent a binary from executing with privilege. For some time, the kernel honored this suppression for root executing the file, but the kernel developers decided after a number of years that this behavior was unexpected for the superuser and reverted it just for that user identity. Suppression of root privilege, for a process tree, is possible, using the capsh(1) --mode option.

One file per line.

Please report bugs via:

capsh(1), cap_get_file(3), cap_to_text(3), capabilities(7), user_namespaces(7), captree(8), getpcaps(8) and setcap(8).