CURLOPT_DOH_URL(3) Library Functions Manual CURLOPT_DOH_URL(3)

CURLOPT_DOH_URL - provide the DNS-over-HTTPS URL

#include <curl/curl.h>
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_DOH_URL, char *URL);

Pass in a pointer to a URL for the DoH server to use for name resolving. The parameter should be a char pointer to a null-terminated string which must be a valid and correct HTTPS URL.

libcurl does not validate the syntax or use this variable until the transfer is issued. Even if you set a crazy value here, curl_easy_setopt(3) still returns CURLE_OK.

curl sends POST requests to the given DNS-over-HTTPS URL.

To find the DoH server itself, which might be specified using a name, libcurl uses the default name lookup function. You can bootstrap that by providing the address for the DoH server with CURLOPT_RESOLVE(3).

Disable DoH use again by setting this option to NULL.

DoH lookups use SSL and some SSL settings from your transfer are inherited, like CURLOPT_SSL_CTX_FUNCTION(3).

The hostname and peer certificate verification settings are not inherited but can be controlled separately via CURLOPT_DOH_SSL_VERIFYHOST(3) and CURLOPT_DOH_SSL_VERIFYPEER(3).

A set CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION(3) callback is not inherited.

Even when DoH is set to be used with this option, there are still some name resolves that are performed without it, using the default name resolver mechanism. This includes name resolves done for CURLOPT_INTERFACE(3), CURLOPT_FTPPORT(3), a proxy type set to CURLPROXY_SOCKS4 or CURLPROXY_SOCKS5 and probably some more.

NULL - there is no default DoH URL. If this option is not set, libcurl uses the default name resolver.

All

int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "https://example.com");
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_DOH_URL, "https://dns.example.com");
    curl_easy_perform(curl);
  }
}

Added in 7.62.0

Returns CURLE_OK on success or CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY if there was insufficient heap space.

Note that curl_easy_setopt(3) does immediately parse the given string so when given a bad DoH URL, libcurl might not detect the problem until it later tries to resolve a name with it.

CURLOPT_DNS_CACHE_TIMEOUT(3), CURLOPT_RESOLVE(3), CURLOPT_VERBOSE(3)

2024-05-22 libcurl