clock_getcpuclockid(3) Library Functions Manual clock_getcpuclockid(3)

clock_getcpuclockid - obtain ID of a process CPU-time clock

Standard C library (libc, -lc), since glibc 2.17

Before glibc 2.17, Real-time library (librt, -lrt)

#include <time.h>

int clock_getcpuclockid(pid_t pid, clockid_t *clockid);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):


    _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

The clock_getcpuclockid() function obtains the ID of the CPU-time clock of the process whose ID is pid, and returns it in the location pointed to by clockid. If pid is zero, then the clock ID of the CPU-time clock of the calling process is returned.

On success, clock_getcpuclockid() returns 0; on error, it returns one of the positive error numbers listed in ERRORS.

The kernel does not support obtaining the per-process CPU-time clock of another process, and pid does not specify the calling process.
The caller does not have permission to access the CPU-time clock of the process specified by pid. (Specified in POSIX.1-2001; does not occur on Linux unless the kernel does not support obtaining the per-process CPU-time clock of another process.)
There is no process with the ID pid.

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
clock_getcpuclockid () Thread safety MT-Safe


glibc 2.2. POSIX.1-2001.

Calling clock_gettime(2) with the clock ID obtained by a call to clock_getcpuclockid() with a pid of 0, is the same as using the clock ID CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID.

The example program below obtains the CPU-time clock ID of the process whose ID is given on the command line, and then uses clock_gettime(2) to obtain the time on that clock. An example run is the following:

$ ./a.out 1                 # Show CPU clock of init process
CPU-time clock for PID 1 is 2.213466748 seconds

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>
main(int argc, char *argv[])
    clockid_t clockid;
    struct timespec ts;
    if (argc != 2) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s <process-ID>\n", argv[0]);
    if (clock_getcpuclockid(atoi(argv[1]), &clockid) != 0) {
    if (clock_gettime(clockid, &ts) == -1) {
    printf("CPU-time clock for PID %s is %jd.%09ld seconds\n",
           argv[1], (intmax_t) ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec);

clock_getres(2), timer_create(2), pthread_getcpuclockid(3), time(7)

2024-05-02 Linux man-pages 6.8