XDG-OPEN(1) xdg-open Manual XDG-OPEN(1)

xdg-open - opens a file or URL in the user's preferred application

xdg-open {file | URL}

xdg-open {--help | --manual | --version}

xdg-open opens a file or URL in the user's preferred application. If a URL is provided the URL will be opened in the user's preferred web browser. If a file is provided the file will be opened in the preferred application for files of that type. xdg-open supports file, ftp, http and https URLs.

xdg-open is for use inside a desktop session only. It is not recommended to use xdg-open as root.


Show command synopsis.


Show this manual page.


Show the xdg-utils version information.

An exit code of 0 indicates success while a non-zero exit code indicates failure. The following failure codes can be returned:


Error in command line syntax.


One of the files passed on the command line did not exist.


A required tool could not be found.


The action failed.

xdg-mime(1), xdg-settings(1), MIME applications associations specification[1]

xdg-open 'http://www.freedesktop.org/'

Opens the freedesktop.org website in the user's default browser.

xdg-open /tmp/foobar.png

Opens the PNG image file /tmp/foobar.png in the user's default image viewing application.

Kevin Krammer


Jeremy White


Copyright © 2006

MIME applications associations specification
11/07/2022 xdg-utils 1.0