SYNCTHING(1) Syncthing SYNCTHING(1)

syncthing - Syncthing

syncthing [serve]

[--audit] [--auditfile=<file|-|-->] [--browser-only] [--device-id]
[--generate=<dir>] [--gui-address=<address>] [--gui-apikey=<key>]
[--home=<dir> | --config=<dir> --data=<dir>]
[--logfile=<filename>] [--logflags=<flags>]
[--log-max-old-files=<num>] [--log-max-size=<num>]
[--no-browser] [--no-console] [--no-restart] [--paths] [--paused]
[--no-default-folder] [--skip-port-probing]
[--reset-database] [--reset-deltas] [--unpaused] [--allow-newer-config]
[--upgrade] [--no-upgrade] [--upgrade-check] [--upgrade-to=<url>]
[--verbose] [--version] [--help] [--debug-*] syncthing generate
[--home=<dir> | --config=<dir>]
[--gui-user=<username>] [--gui-password=<password|->]
[--no-default-folder] [--skip-port-probing] [--no-console]
[--help] syncthing decrypt (--to=<dir> | --verify-only)
[--password=<pw>] [--folder-id=<id>] [--token-path=<file>]
[--continue] [--verbose] [--version] [--help]
<path> syncthing cli
[--home=<dir> | --config=<dir> --data=<dir>]
[--gui-address=<address>] [--gui-apikey=<key>]
[--help]
<command> [command options...] [arguments...]

Syncthing lets you synchronize your files bidirectionally across multiple devices. This means the creation, modification or deletion of files on one machine will automatically be replicated to your other devices. We believe your data is your data alone and you deserve to choose where it is stored. Therefore Syncthing does not upload your data to the cloud but exchanges your data across your machines as soon as they are online at the same time.

The syncthing core application is a command-line program which usually runs in the background and handles the synchronization. It provides a built-in, HTML and JavaScript based user interface to be controlled from a web browser. This frontend communicates with the core application through some HTTP APIs, which other apps like graphical system integration helpers can use as well, for greatest flexibility. A link to reach the GUI and API is printed among the first few log messages.

Try loading a config file written by a newer program version, instead of failing immediately.
Write events to timestamped file audit-YYYYMMDD-HHMMSS.log.
Use specified file or stream ("-" for stdout, "--" for stderr) for audit events, rather than the timestamped default file name.
Open the web UI in a browser for an already running Syncthing instance.
Print device ID to command line.
Generate key and config in specified dir, then exit.
Override GUI listen address. Set this to an address (0.0.0.0:8384) or file path (/var/run/st.sock, for UNIX sockets).
Override the API key needed to access the GUI / REST API.
Specify new GUI authentication password, to update the config file. Read from the standard input stream if only a single dash (-) is given. The password is hashed before writing to the config file. As a special case, giving the existing password hash as password will leave it untouched.
Specify new GUI authentication user name, to update the config file.
Show help text about command line usage. Context-sensitive depending on the given subcommand.
Set common configuration and data directory. The default configuration directory is $HOME/.config/syncthing (Unix-like), $HOME/Library/Application Support/Syncthing (Mac) and %LOCALAPPDATA%\Syncthing (Windows).
Set configuration directory. Alternative to --home and must be used together with --data.
Set data (e.g. database) directory. Alternative to --home and must be used together with --config.
Set destination filename for logging (use "-" for stdout, which is the default option).
Select information in log line prefix. The --logflags value is a sum of the following:
  • 1: Date
  • 2: Time
  • 4: Microsecond time
  • 8: Long filename
  • 16: Short filename

To prefix each log line with date and time, set --logflags=3 (1 + 2 from above). The value 0 is used to disable all of the above. The default is to show time only (2).

Number of old files to keep (zero to keep only current). Applies only when log rotation is enabled through --log-max-size.
Maximum size of any log file (zero to disable log rotation).
Do not start a browser.
Hide the console window. (On Windows only)
Don’t create a default folder when generating an initial configuration / starting for the first time.
Do not restart Syncthing when it exits. The monitor process will still run to handle crashes and writing to logfiles (if configured to).
Disable automatic upgrades. Equivalent to the STNOUPGRADE environment variable, see below.
Print the paths used for configuration, keys, database, GUI overrides, default sync folder and the log file.
Start with all devices and folders paused.
Reset the database, forcing a full rescan and resync. Create .stfolder folders in each sync folder if they do not already exist. Caution: Ensure that all sync folders which are mountpoints are already mounted. Inconsistent versions may result if the mountpoint is later mounted and contains older versions.
Reset delta index IDs, forcing a full index exchange.
Don’t try to find unused random ports for the GUI and listen address when generating an initial configuration / starting for the first time.
Start with all devices and folders unpaused.
Perform upgrade.
--upgrade-check
Check for available upgrade.
--upgrade-to=<url>
Force upgrade directly from specified URL.
Print verbose log output.
Show version.
Destination directory where files should be stored after decryption.
Don’t write decrypted files to disk (but verify plaintext hashes).
Folder password for decryption / verification. Can be passed through the FOLDER_PASSWORD environment variable instead to avoid recording in a shell’s history buffer or sniffing from the running processes list.
Folder ID of the encrypted folder, if it cannot be determined automatically.
Path to the token file within the folder (used to determine folder ID).
Continue processing next file in case of error, instead of aborting.

0
Success / Shutdown
1
Error
2
Upgrade not available
3
Restarting
4
Upgrading

Exit codes over 125 are usually returned by the shell/binary loader/default signal handler. Exit codes over 128+N on Unix usually represent the signal which caused the process to exit. For example, 128 + 9 (SIGKILL) = 137.

The command line syntax actually supports different modes of operation through several subcommands, specified as the first argument. If omitted, the default serve is assumed.

The initial setup of a device ID and default configuration can be called explicitly with the generate subcommand. It can also update the configured GUI authentication credentials, without going through the REST API. An existing device certificate is left untouched. If the configuration file already exists, it is validated and updated to the latest configuration schema, including adding default values for any new options.

The decrypt subcommand is used in conjunction with untrusted (encrypted) devices, see the relevant section on decryption for details. It does not depend on Syncthing to be running, but works on offline data.

To work with the REST API for debugging or automating things in Syncthing, the cli subcommand provides easy access to individual features. It basically saves the hassle of handling HTTP connections and API authentication.

The available subcommands are grouped into several nested hierarchies and some parts dynamically generated from the running Syncthing instance. On every level, the --help option lists the available properties, actions and commands for the user to discover interactively. The top-level groups are:

Access the live configuration in a running instance over the REST API to retrieve (get) or update (set) values in a fine-grained way. The hierarchy is based on the same structure as used in the JSON / XML representations.
Show system properties and status of a running instance. The output is passed on directly from the REST API response and therefore requires parsing JSON format.
Control the overall program operation such as restarting or handling upgrades, as well as triggering some actions on a per-folder basis. Can also configure the default ignore patterns from a plain text ignore file.
Examine pending error conditions that need attention from the user, or acknowledge (clear) them.
Various tools to aid in diagnosing problems or collection information for bug reports. Some of these commands access the database directly and can therefore only work when Syncthing is not running.
- (a single dash)
Reads subsequent commands from the standard input stream, without needing to call the syncthing cli command over and over. Exits on any invalid command or when EOF (end-of-file) is received.

Syncthing can use a SOCKS, HTTP, or HTTPS proxy to talk to the outside world. The proxy is used for outgoing connections only - it is not possible to accept incoming connections through the proxy. The proxy is configured through the environment variable all_proxy. Somewhat unusually, this variable must be named in lower case - it is not “ALL_PROXY”. For example:

$ export all_proxy=socks://192.0.2.42:8081

The following environment variables modify Syncthing’s behavior in ways that are mostly useful for developers. Use with care. If you start Syncthing from within service managers like systemd or supervisor, path expansion may not be supported.

Used to increase the debugging verbosity in specific or all facilities, generally mapping to a Go package. Enabling any of these also enables microsecond timestamps, file names plus line numbers. Enter a comma-separated string of facilities to trace. syncthing --help always outputs an up-to-date list. The valid facility strings are:
Configuration loading and saving.
The database layer.
Main package.
The root hub; the largest chunk of the system. File pulling, index transmission and requests for chunks.
File change detection and hashing.
File versioning.
Multicast and broadcast UDP discovery packets: Selected interfaces and addresses.
Connection handling.
Dialing connections.
Remote device discovery requests, replies and registration of devices.
NAT discovery and port mapping.
NAT-PMP discovery and port mapping.
The BEP protocol.
Relay interaction (strelaysrv).
UPnP discovery and port mapping.
Filesystem access.
Event generation and logging.
REST API.
SHA256 hashing package (this facility currently unused).
Persistent device and folder statistics.
Mutexes. Used for debugging race conditions and deadlocks.
Binary upgrades.
Filesystem access while walking.
All of the above.
Write block profiles to block-$pid-$timestamp.pprof every 20 seconds.
Write a CPU profile to cpu-$pid.pprof on exit.
Used for debugging internal deadlocks; sets debug sensitivity. Use only under direction of a developer.
Used for debugging internal deadlocks; sets debug sensitivity. Use only under direction of a developer.
Override GUI listen address. Equivalent to passing --gui-address.
Override the API key needed to access the GUI / REST API. Equivalent to passing --gui-apikey.
Directory to load GUI assets from. Overrides compiled in assets. Useful for developing webgui, commonly use STGUIASSETS=gui bin/syncthing.
Specify which hashing package to use. Defaults to automatic based on performance. Specify “minio” (compatibility) or “standard” for the default Go implementation.
Write heap profiles to heap-$pid-$timestamp.pprof each time heap usage increases.
Don’t create a default folder when starting for the first time. This variable will be ignored anytime after the first run. Equivalent to the --no-default-folder flag.
Equivalent to the --no-restart flag.
Disable automatic upgrades. Equivalent to the --no-upgrade flag.
Set to a listen address such as “127.0.0.1:9090” to start the profiler with HTTP access, which then can be reached at http://localhost:9090/debug/pprof. See go tool pprof for more information.
Write running performance statistics to perf-$pid.csv. Not supported on Windows.
Time before folder statistics (file, dir, … counts) are recalculated from scratch. The given duration must be parseable by Go’s time.ParseDuration. If missing or not parseable, the default value of 1 month is used. To force recalculation on every startup, set it to 1s.
Sets the time interval in between database garbage collection runs. The given duration must be parseable by Go’s time.ParseDuration.
Set the maximum number of CPU cores to use. Defaults to all available CPU cores.
Percentage of heap growth at which to trigger GC. Default is 100. Lower numbers keep peak memory usage down, at the price of CPU usage (i.e. performance).
Hack to completely disable logging, for example when running benchmarks. Set to any nonempty value to use it.

syncthing-config(5), syncthing-stignore(5), syncthing-device-ids(7), syncthing-security(7), syncthing-networking(7), syncthing-versioning(7), syncthing-faq(7)

The Syncthing Authors

2014-2019, The Syncthing Authors

August 14, 2022 v1.20.4