This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux
manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be
implemented on Linux.
stpncpy, strncpy — copy fixed length string, returning a pointer to the
char *stpncpy(char *restrict s1, const char *restrict s2, size_t n);
char *strncpy(char *restrict s1, const char *restrict s2, size_t n);
For strncpy(): The functionality described on this reference page is
aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements
described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of
POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard.
The stpncpy() and strncpy() functions shall copy not
more than n bytes (bytes that follow a NUL character are not copied)
from the array pointed to by s2 to the array pointed to by
If the array pointed to by s2 is a string that is shorter
than n bytes, NUL characters shall be appended to the copy in the
array pointed to by s1, until n bytes in all are written.
If copying takes place between objects that overlap, the behavior
If a NUL character is written to the destination, the stpncpy() function
shall return the address of the first such NUL character. Otherwise, it shall
The strncpy() function shall return s1.
No return values are reserved to indicate an error.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
Applications must provide the space in s1 for the n bytes to be
transferred, as well as ensure that the s2 and s1 arrays do not
Character movement is performed differently in different
implementations. Thus, overlapping moves may yield surprises.
If there is no NUL character byte in the first n bytes of
the array pointed to by s2, the result is not null-terminated.
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017,
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE
Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating
System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018
Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between
this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original
IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
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