SET_TID_ADDRESS(2) Linux Programmer's Manual SET_TID_ADDRESS(2)

set_tid_address - set pointer to thread ID

#include <sys/syscall.h>      /* Definition of SYS_* constants */
#include <unistd.h>
pid_t syscall(SYS_set_tid_address, int *tidptr);

Note: glibc provides no wrapper for set_tid_address(), necessitating the use of syscall(2).

For each thread, the kernel maintains two attributes (addresses) called set_child_tid and clear_child_tid. These two attributes contain the value NULL by default.

If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_SETTID flag, set_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.
When set_child_tid is set, the very first thing the new thread does is to write its thread ID at this address.
If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID flag, clear_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.

The system call set_tid_address() sets the clear_child_tid value for the calling thread to tidptr.

When a thread whose clear_child_tid is not NULL terminates, then, if the thread is sharing memory with other threads, then 0 is written at the address specified in clear_child_tid and the kernel performs the following operation:


futex(clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0);

The effect of this operation is to wake a single thread that is performing a futex wait on the memory location. Errors from the futex wake operation are ignored.

set_tid_address() always returns the caller's thread ID.

set_tid_address() always succeeds.

This call is present since Linux 2.5.48. Details as given here are valid since Linux 2.5.49.

This system call is Linux-specific.

clone(2), futex(2), gettid(2)

This page is part of release 5.13 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

2021-06-20 Linux