SD_EVENT_GET_FD(3) sd_event_get_fd SD_EVENT_GET_FD(3)

sd_event_get_fd - Obtain a file descriptor to poll for event loop events

#include <systemd/sd-event.h>

int sd_event_get_fd(sd_event *event);

sd_event_get_fd() returns the file descriptor that an event loop object returned by the sd_event_new(3) function uses to wait for events. This file descriptor may itself be polled for POLLIN/EPOLLIN events. This makes it possible to embed an sd-event(3) event loop into another, possibly foreign, event loop.

The returned file descriptor refers to an epoll(7) object. It is recommended not to alter it by invoking epoll_ctl(2) on it, in order to avoid interference with the event loop's inner logic and assumptions.

On success, sd_event_get_fd() returns a non-negative file descriptor. On failure, it returns a negative errno-style error code.

Returned errors may indicate the following problems:


event is not a valid pointer to an sd_event structure.


The event loop has been created in a different process, library or module instance.

Example 1. Integration in the GLib event loop

/* SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <glib.h>
#include <systemd/sd-event.h>
typedef struct SDEventSource {

GSource source;
GPollFD pollfd;
sd_event *event; } SDEventSource; static gboolean event_prepare(GSource *source, gint *timeout_) {
return sd_event_prepare(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0; } static gboolean event_check(GSource *source) {
return sd_event_wait(((SDEventSource *)source)->event, 0) > 0; } static gboolean event_dispatch(GSource *source, GSourceFunc callback, gpointer user_data) {
return sd_event_dispatch(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0; } static void event_finalize(GSource *source) {
sd_event_unref(((SDEventSource *)source)->event); } static GSourceFuncs event_funcs = {
.prepare = event_prepare,
.check = event_check,
.dispatch = event_dispatch,
.finalize = event_finalize, }; GSource *g_sd_event_create_source(sd_event *event) {
SDEventSource *source;
source = (SDEventSource *)g_source_new(&event_funcs, sizeof(SDEventSource));
source->event = sd_event_ref(event);
source->pollfd.fd = sd_event_get_fd(event);
source-> = G_IO_IN | G_IO_HUP | G_IO_ERR;
g_source_add_poll((GSource *)source, &source->pollfd);
return (GSource *)source; }

Functions described here are available as a shared library, which can be compiled against and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

The code described here uses getenv(3), which is declared to be not multi-thread-safe. This means that the code calling the functions described here must not call setenv(3) from a parallel thread. It is recommended to only do calls to setenv() from an early phase of the program when no other threads have been started.

sd-event(3), sd_event_new(3), sd_event_wait(3), epoll_ctl(2), epoll(7)

systemd 254