This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2 — add dup2 action to spawn file actions object (ADVANCED REALTIME)

#include <spawn.h>
int posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2(posix_spawn_file_actions_t

*file_actions, int fildes, int newfildes);

The posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function shall add a dup2() action to the object referenced by file_actions that shall cause the file descriptor fildes to be duplicated as newfildes (as if dup2(fildes, newfildes) had been called) when a new process is spawned using this file actions object.

A spawn file actions object is as defined in posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose().

Upon successful completion, the posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function shall return zero; otherwise, an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.

The posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function shall fail if:

The value specified by fildes or newfildes is negative or greater than or equal to {OPEN_MAX}.
Insufficient memory exists to add to the spawn file actions object.

The posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function may fail if:

The value specified by file_actions is invalid.

It shall not be considered an error for the fildes argument passed to the posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function to specify a file descriptor for which the specified operation could not be performed at the time of the call. Any such error will be detected when the associated file actions object is later used during a posix_spawn() or posix_spawnp() operation.

The following sections are informative.


The posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() function is part of the Spawn option and need not be provided on all implementations.

Implementations may use file descriptors that must be inherited into child processes for the child process to remain conforming, such as for message catalog or tracing purposes. Therefore, an application that calls posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2() with an arbitrary integer for newfildes risks non-conforming behavior, and this function can only portably be used to overwrite file descriptor values that the application has obtained through explicit actions, or for the three file descriptors corresponding to the standard file streams. In order to avoid a race condition of leaking an unintended file descriptor into a child process, an application should consider opening all file descriptors with the FD_CLOEXEC bit set unless the file descriptor is intended to be inherited across exec.

Refer to the RATIONALE section in posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose().


dup(), posix_spawn(), posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose(), posix_spawn_file_actions_destroy()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, <spawn.h>

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

2017 IEEE/The Open Group