All options are configured in the [Login] section:
Takes a positive integer. Configures how many virtual
terminals (VTs) to allocate by default that, when switched to and are
previously unused, "autovt" services are automatically spawned on.
These services are instantiated from the template unit autovt@.service for the
respective VT TTY name, for example, email@example.com. By default,
autovt@.service is linked to getty@.service. In other words, login prompts are
started dynamically as the user switches to unused virtual terminals. Hence,
this parameter controls how many login "gettys" are available on the
VTs. If a VT is already used by some other subsystem (for example, a graphical
login), this kind of activation will not be attempted. Note that the VT
configured in ReserveVT= is always subject to this kind of activation,
even if it is not one of the VTs configured with the NAutoVTs=
directive. Defaults to 6. When set to 0, automatic spawning of
"autovt" services is disabled.
Takes a positive integer. Identifies one virtual terminal
that shall unconditionally be reserved for autovt@.service activation (see
above). The VT selected with this option will be marked busy unconditionally,
so that no other subsystem will allocate it. This functionality is useful to
ensure that, regardless of how many VTs are allocated by other subsystems, one
login "getty" is always available. Defaults to 6 (in other words,
there will always be a "getty" available on Alt-F6.). When set to 0,
VT reservation is disabled.
Takes a boolean argument. Configures whether the
processes of a user should be killed when the user logs out. If true, the
scope unit corresponding to the session and all processes inside that scope
will be terminated. If false, the scope is "abandoned", see
, and processes are not killed. Defaults to
"no", but see the options KillOnlyUsers=
In addition to session processes, user process may run under the
user manager unit user@.service. Depending on the linger settings, this may
allow users to run processes independent of their login sessions. See the
description of enable-linger in loginctl(1).
Note that setting KillUserProcesses=yes will break tools
like screen(1) and tmux(1), unless they are moved out of the
session scope. See example in systemd-run(1).
These settings take space-separated lists of usernames
that override the KillUserProcesses= setting. A user name may be added
to KillExcludeUsers= to exclude the processes in the session scopes of
that user from being killed even if KillUserProcesses=yes is set. If
KillExcludeUsers= is not set, the "root" user is excluded by
default. KillExcludeUsers= may be set to an empty value to override
this default. If a user is not excluded, KillOnlyUsers= is checked
next. If this setting is specified, only the processes in the session scopes
of those users will be killed. Otherwise, users are subject to the
Configures the action to take when the system is idle.
Takes one of "ignore", "poweroff", "reboot",
"halt", "kexec", "suspend",
"suspend-then-hibernate", and "lock". Defaults to
Note that this requires that user sessions correctly report the
idle status to the system. The system will execute the action after all
sessions report that they are idle, no idle inhibitor lock is active, and
subsequently, the time configured with IdleActionSec= (see below) has
Configures the delay after which the action configured in
IdleAction= (see above) is taken after the system is idle.
Specifies the maximum time a system shutdown or sleep
request is delayed due to an inhibitor lock of type "delay" being
active before the inhibitor is ignored and the operation executes anyway.
Defaults to 5.
Specifies how long to keep the user record and per-user
service user@.service around for a user after they logged out fully. If set to
zero, the per-user service is terminated immediately when the last session of
the user has ended. If this option is configured to non-zero rapid
logout/login cycles are sped up, as the user's service manager is not
constantly restarted. If set to "infinity" the per-user service for
a user is never terminated again after first login, and continues to run until
system shutdown. Defaults to 10s.
Controls how logind shall handle the system power, reboot
and sleep keys and the lid switch to trigger actions such as system power-off,
reboot or suspend. Can be one of "ignore", "poweroff",
"reboot", "halt", "kexec", "suspend",
"suspend-then-hibernate", "lock", and
"factory-reset". If "ignore", logind will never handle
these keys. If "lock", all running sessions will be screen-locked;
otherwise, the specified action will be taken in the respective event. Only
input devices with the "power-switch" udev tag will be watched for
key/lid switch events. HandlePowerKey=
defaults to "reboot",
defaults to "suspend",
defaults to "hibernate",
defaults to "ignore",
defaults to "poweroff",
defaults to "hibernate",
defaults to "ignore".
defaults to "suspend".
is completely ignored by default (for
backwards compatibility) — an explicit value must be set before it will
be used to determine behaviour. HandleLidSwitchDocked=
"ignore". If the system is inserted in a docking station, or if more
than one display is connected, the action specified by
occurs; if the system is on external power the
action (if any) specified by HandleLidSwitchExternalPower=
otherwise the HandleLidSwitch=
A different application may disable logind's handling of system
power and sleep keys and the lid switch by taking a low-level inhibitor lock
"handle-reboot-key"). This is most commonly used by graphical
desktop environments to take over suspend and hibernation handling, and to
use their own configuration mechanisms. If a low-level inhibitor lock is
taken, logind will not take any action when that key or switch is triggered
and the Handle*= settings are irrelevant.
Controls whether actions that systemd-logind
when the power, reboot and sleep keys and the lid switch are triggered are
subject to high-level inhibitor locks ("shutdown",
"reboot", "sleep", "idle"). Low level inhibitor
locks ("handle-power-key", "handle-suspend-key",
"handle-reboot-key"), are always honored, irrespective of this
These settings take boolean arguments. If "no", the
inhibitor locks taken by applications are respected. If "yes",
"shutdown", "reboot" "sleep", and
"idle" inhibitor locks are ignored.
HibernateKeyIgnoreInhibited= and RebootKeyIgnoreInhibited=
default to "no". LidSwitchIgnoreInhibited= defaults to
"yes". This means that when systemd-logind is handling
events by itself (no low level inhibitor locks are taken by another
application), the lid switch does not respect suspend blockers by default,
but the power and sleep keys do.
Specifies a period of time after system startup or system
resume in which systemd will hold off on reacting to lid events. This is
required for the system to properly detect any hotplugged devices so systemd
can ignore lid events if external monitors, or docks, are connected. If set to
0, systemd will always react immediately, possibly before the kernel fully
probed all hotplugged devices. This is safe, as long as you do not care for
systemd to account for devices that have been plugged or unplugged while the
system was off. Defaults to 30s.
Sets the size limit on the $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR
runtime directory for each user who logs in. Takes a size in bytes, optionally
suffixed with the usual K, G, M, and T suffixes, to the base 1024 (IEC).
Alternatively, a numerical percentage suffixed by "%" may be
specified, which sets the size limit relative to the amount of physical RAM.
Defaults to 10%. Note that this size is a safety limit only. As each runtime
directory is a tmpfs file system, it will only consume as much memory as is
Sets the limit on number of inodes for the
$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR runtime directory for each user who logs in. Takes a
number, optionally suffixed with the usual K, G, M, and T suffixes, to the
base 1024 (IEC). Defaults to RuntimeDirectorySize= divided by 4096.
Note that this size is a safety limit only. As each runtime directory is a
tmpfs file system, it will only consume as much memory as is needed.
Controls the maximum number of concurrent inhibitors to
permit. Defaults to 8192 (8K).
Controls the maximum number of concurrent user sessions
to manage. Defaults to 8192 (8K). Depending on how the pam_systemd.so module
is included in the PAM stack configuration, further login sessions will either
be refused, or permitted but not tracked by systemd-logind.
Controls whether System V and POSIX IPC objects belonging
to the user shall be removed when the user fully logs out. Takes a boolean
argument. If enabled, the user may not consume IPC resources after the last of
the user's sessions terminated. This covers System V semaphores, shared memory
and message queues, as well as POSIX shared memory and message queues. Note
that IPC objects of the root user and other system users are excluded from the
effect of this setting. Defaults to "yes".