git-revert - Revert some existing commits
git revert [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
git revert (--continue | --skip | --abort | --quit)
Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the
related patches introduce, and record some new commits that record them.
This requires your working tree to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD
Note: git revert is used to record some new commits to
reverse the effect of some earlier commits (often only a faulty one). If you
want to throw away all uncommitted changes in your working directory, you
should see git-reset(1), particularly the --hard option. If
you want to extract specific files as they were in another commit, you
should see git-restore(1), specifically the --source option.
Take care with these alternatives as both will discard uncommitted changes
in your working directory.
See "Reset, restore and revert" in git(1) for the
differences between the three commands.
Commits to revert. For a more complete list of ways to
spell commit names, see gitrevisions(7)
. Sets of commits can also be
given but no traversal is done by default, see git-rev-list(1)
With this option, git revert will let you edit the
commit message prior to committing the revert. This is the default if you run
the command from a terminal.
-m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know
which side of the merge should be considered the mainline. This option
specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of the mainline and allows
revert to reverse the change relative to the specified parent.
Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want the
tree changes brought in by the merge. As a result, later merges will only
bring in tree changes introduced by commits that are not ancestors of the
previously reverted merge. This may or may not be what you want.
See the revert-a-faulty-merge How-To for more
With this option, git revert will not start the
commit message editor.
This option determines how the commit message will be
cleaned up before being passed on to the commit machinery. See
for more details. In particular, if the
is given a value of scissors
, scissors will be
appended to MERGE_MSG
before being passed on in the case of a
Usually the command automatically creates some commits
with commit log messages stating which commits were reverted. This flag
applies the changes necessary to revert the named commits to your working tree
and the index, but does not make the commits. In addition, when this option is
used, your index does not have to match the HEAD commit. The revert is done
against the beginning state of your index.
This is useful when reverting more than one commits' effect to
your index in a row.
-S[<keyid>], --gpg-sign[=<keyid>], --no-gpg-sign
GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional
and defaults to the committer identity; if specified, it must be stuck to the
option without a space. --no-gpg-sign is useful to countermand both
commit.gpgSign configuration variable, and earlier
Add a Signed-off-by
trailer at the end of the
commit message. See the signoff option in git-commit(1)
Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once.
See the MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1)
Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the
merge strategy. See git-merge(1)
Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
result of auto-conflict resolution if possible.
Instead of starting the body of the log message with
"This reverts <full object name of the commit being
reverted>.", refer to the commit using "--pretty=reference"
format (cf. git-log(1)
). The revert.reference
variable can be used to enable this option by default.
Continue the operation in progress using the information
in .git/sequencer. Can be used to continue after resolving conflicts in
a failed cherry-pick or revert.
Skip the current commit and continue with the rest of the
Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be
used to clear the sequencer state after a failed cherry-pick or revert.
Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence
git revert HEAD~3
Revert the changes specified by the fourth last commit in
HEAD and create a new commit with the reverted changes.
git revert -n master~5..master~2
Revert the changes done by commits from the fifth last
commit in master (included) to the third last commit in master (included), but
do not create any commit with the reverted changes. The revert only modifies
the working tree and the index.
- revert-a-faulty-merge How-To