'\" t .\" Copyright 2002 Walter Harms (walter.harms@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de) .\" .\" SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-1.0-or-later .\" .\" This was done with the help of the glibc manual. .\" .\" 2004-10-31, aeb, corrected .TH fpclassify 3 2024-05-02 "Linux man-pages 6.9.1" .SH NAME fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf \- floating-point classification macros .SH LIBRARY Math library .RI ( libm ", " \-lm ) .SH SYNOPSIS .nf .B #include .P .BI "int fpclassify(" x ); .BI "int isfinite(" x ); .BI "int isnormal(" x ); .BI "int isnan(" x ); .BI "int isinf(" x ); .fi .P .RS -4 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see .BR feature_test_macros (7)): .RE .P .\" I haven't fully grokked the source to determine the FTM requirements; .\" in part, the following has been tested by experiment. .BR fpclassify (), .BR isfinite (), .BR isnormal (): .nf _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L .fi .P .BR isnan (): .nf _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE .fi .P .BR isinf (): .nf _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE .fi .SH DESCRIPTION Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro .BI fpclassify( x ) you can find out what type .I x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values: .TP 14 .B FP_NAN .I x is "Not a Number". .TP .B FP_INFINITE .I x is either positive infinity or negative infinity. .TP .B FP_ZERO .I x is zero. .TP .B FP_SUBNORMAL .I x is too small to be represented in normalized format. .TP .B FP_NORMAL if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a normal floating-point number. .P The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions. .TP 14 .BI isfinite( x ) returns a nonzero value if .br (fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE) .TP .BI isnormal( x ) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL) .TP .BI isnan( x ) returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN) .TP .BI isinf( x ) returns 1 if .I x is positive infinity, and \-1 if .I x is negative infinity. .SH ATTRIBUTES For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see .BR attributes (7). .TS allbox; lbx lb lb l l l. Interface Attribute Value T{ .na .nh .BR fpclassify (), .BR isfinite (), .BR isnormal (), .BR isnan (), .BR isinf () T} Thread safety MT-Safe .TE .SH STANDARDS C11, POSIX.1-2008. .SH HISTORY POSIX.1-2001, C99. .P In glibc 2.01 and earlier, .BR isinf () returns a nonzero value (actually: 1) if .I x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.) .SH NOTES For .BR isinf (), the standards merely say that the return value is nonzero if and only if the argument has an infinite value. .SH SEE ALSO .BR finite (3), .BR INFINITY (3), .BR isgreater (3), .BR signbit (3)