|SA-UPDATE(1)||User Contributed Perl Documentation||SA-UPDATE(1)|
sa-update - automate SpamAssassin rule updates
--channel channel Retrieve updates from this channel Use multiple times for multiple channels --channelfile file Retrieve updates from the channels in the file --checkonly Check for update availability, do not install --install file Install updates directly from this file. Signature verification will use "file.asc", or "file.sha512" or "file.sha256". --allowplugins Allow updates to load plugin code (DANGEROUS) --gpgkey key Trust the key id to sign releases Use multiple times for multiple keys --gpgkeyfile file Trust the key ids in the file to sign releases --gpghomedir path Store the GPG keyring in this directory --gpg and --nogpg Use (or do not use) GPG to verify updates (--gpg is assumed by use of the above --gpgkey and --gpgkeyfile options) --import file Import GPG key(s) from file into sa-update's keyring. Use multiple times for multiple files --updatedir path Directory to place updates, defaults to the SpamAssassin site rules directory (default: /var/lib/spamassassin/4.000000) --refreshmirrors Force the MIRRORED.BY file to be updated --forcemirror url Use a specific mirror instead of downloading from official mirrors --httputil util Force used download tool. By default first found from these is used: curl, wget, fetch, lwp --score-multiplier x.x Adjust all scores from update channel, multiply with given value (integer or float). --score-limit x.x Adjust all scores from update channel, limit to given value (integer or float). Limiting is done after possible multiply operation. -D, --debug [area=n,...] Print debugging messages -v, --verbose Be verbose, like print updated channel names; For more verbosity specify multiple times -V, --version Print version -h, --help Print usage message -4 Force using the inet protocol (IPv4), not inet6 -6 Force using the inet6 protocol (IPv6), not inet
sa-update automates the process of downloading and installing new rules and configuration, based on channels. The default channel is updates.spamassassin.org, which has updated rules since the previous release.
Update archives are verified using GPG signatures by default. If GPG is disabled (not recommended), file integrity is checked with SHA512 or SHA256 checksums.
Note that "sa-update" will not restart "spamd" or otherwise cause a scanner to reload the now-updated ruleset automatically. Instead, "sa-update" is typically used in something like the following manner:
sa-update && /etc/init.d/spamassassin reload
This works because "sa-update" only returns an exit status of 0 if it has successfully downloaded and installed an updated ruleset.
The program sa-update uses the underlying operating system umask for the updated rule files it installs. You may wish to run sa-update from a script that sets the umask prior to calling sa-update. For example:
#!/bin/sh umask 022 sa-update
- sa-update can update multiple channels at the same time. By default, it
will only access "updates.spamassassin.org", but more channels
can be specified via this option. If there are multiple additional
channels, use the option multiple times, once per channel. i.e.:
sa-update --channel foo.example.com --channel bar.example.com
- Similar to the --channel option, except specify the additional channels in a file instead of on the commandline. This is useful when there are a lot of additional channels.
- Only check if an update is available, don't actually download and install it. The exit code will be 0 or 1 as described below.
- Install updates "offline", from the named tar.gz file, instead
of performing DNS lookups and HTTP invocations.
Files named file.asc, file.sha512, or file.sha256 will be used for GPG signature, and the SHA256 and SHA512 checksums, respectively. The filename provided must contain a version number of at least 3 digits, which will be used as the channel's update version number.
Multiple --channel switches cannot be used with --install. To install multiple channels from tarballs, run "sa-update" multiple times with different --channel and --install switches, e.g.:
sa-update --channel foo.example.com --install foo-34958.tgz sa-update --channel bar.example.com --install bar-938455.tgz
- Allow downloaded updates to activate plugins. The default is not to
activate plugins; any "loadplugin" or
"tryplugin" lines will be commented in
the downloaded update rules files.
You should never enable this for 3rd party update channels, since plugins can execute unrestricted code on your system, even possibly as root! This includes spamassassin official updates, which have no need to include running code.
Use --reallyallowplugins option to bypass warnings and make it work.
- --gpg, --nogpg
- sa-update by default will verify update archives by use of GPG signature.
If you wish to skip GPG verification (very unsafe), you can use the --nogpg option to disable its use. Use of the following gpgkey-related options will override --nogpg and keep GPG verification enabled.
If GPG is disabled, only SHA512 or SHA256 checksums are used to verify whether or not the downloaded archive has been corrupted, but it does not offer any form of security regarding whether or not the downloaded archive is legitimate (aka: non-modifed by evildoers).
Note: Only GnuPG is supported (ie: not any other PGP software).
- sa-update has the concept of "release trusted" GPG keys. When an
archive is downloaded and the signature verified, sa-update requires that
the signature be from one of these "release trusted" keys or
else verification fails. This prevents third parties from manipulating the
files on a mirror, for instance, and signing with their own key.
By default, sa-update trusts key ids "24F434CE" and "5244EC45", which are the standard SpamAssassin release key and its sub-key. Use this option to trust additional keys. See the --import option for how to add keys to sa-update's keyring. For sa-update to use a key it must be in sa-update's keyring and trusted.
For multiple keys, use the option multiple times. i.e.:
sa-update --gpgkey E580B363 --gpgkey 298BC7D0
Note: use of this option automatically enables GPG verification.
- Similar to the --gpgkey option, except specify the additional keys in a file instead of on the commandline. This is extremely useful when there are a lot of additional keys that you wish to trust.
- Specify a directory path to use as a storage area for the
"sa-update" GPG keyring. By default,
- Use to import GPG key(s) from a file into the sa-update keyring which is
located in the directory specified by --gpghomedir. Before using
channels from third party sources, you should use this option to import
the GPG key(s) used by those channels. You must still use the
--gpgkey or --gpgkeyfile options above to get sa-update to
trust imported keys.
To import multiple keys, use the option multiple times. i.e.:
sa-update --import channel1-GPG.KEY --import channel2-GPG.KEY
Note: use of this option automatically enables GPG verification.
- Force the list of sa-update mirrors for each channel, stored in the MIRRORED.BY file, to be updated. By default, the MIRRORED.BY file will be cached for up to 7 days after each time it is downloaded.
- Force the download from a specific host instead of relying on mirrors listed in MIRRORED.BY.
- By default, "sa-update" will use the
system-wide rules update directory:
If the updates should be stored in another location, specify it here.
Note that use of this option is not recommended; if you're just using sa-update to download updated rulesets for a scanner, and sa-update is placing updates in the wrong directory, you probably need to rebuild SpamAssassin with different "Makefile.PL" arguments, instead of overriding sa-update's runtime behaviour.
- -D [area,...], --debug [area,...]
- Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging
information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for each
area individually; area is the area of the code to instrument. For
example, to produce diagnostic output on channel, gpg, and http, use:
sa-update -D channel,gpg,http
For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are available, please see the documentation at https://wiki.apache.org/spamassassin/DebugChannels.
- -h, --help
- Print help message and exit.
- -V, --version
- Print sa-update version and exit.
In absence of a --checkonly option, an exit code of 0 means: an update was available, and was downloaded and installed successfully. If --checkonly was specified, an exit code of 0 means: an update was available.
An exit code of 1 means no fresh updates were available.
An exit code of 2 means that at least one update is available but that a lint check of the site pre files failed. The site pre files must pass a lint check before any updates are attempted.
An exit code of 3 means that at least one update succeeded while other channels failed. If using sa-compile, you should proceed with it.
An exit code of 4 or higher, indicates that errors occurred while attempting to download and extract updates, and no channels were updated.
The Apache SpamAssassin(tm) Project https://spamassassin.apache.org/
SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as described in the file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.
Copyright (C) 2015 The Apache Software Foundation