Term::ExtendedColor(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Term::ExtendedColor(3)

Term::ExtendedColor - Color screen output using 256 colors

use Term::ExtendedColor qw(:all);
# Or use the 'attributes' tag to only import the functions for setting
# attributes.
# This will import the following functions:
# fg(), bg(), bold(), underline(), inverse(), italic(), clear()
use Term::ExtendedColor ':attributes';
## Foreground colors
my $red_text = fg('red2', 'this is in red');
my $spring   = fg('springgreen3', 'this is green');
## Background colors
print bg('red5', "Default foreground text on dark red background"), "\n";
my $red_on_green = fg('red3', bg('green12', 'Red text on green background'));
print "$red_on_green\n";
## Fall-through attributes
Term::ExtendedColor::autoreset(0);
my $bold  = fg('bold', 'This is bold');
my $red   = fg('red2', 'This is red... and bold');
my $green = bg('green28', 'This is bold red on green background');
# Make sure to clear all attributes when autoreset turned OFF,
# or else the users shell will be messed up
my $clear = clear();
print "$bold\n";
print "$red\n";
print "$green $clear\n";
## Non-color attributes
# Turn on autoreset again
Term::ExtendedColor::autoreset(1);
for(qw(italic underline blink reverse bold)) {
  print fg($_, $_), "\n";
}
# For convenience
my $bolded = bold("Bold text!");
my $italic = italic("Text in italics!");
## Remove all attributes from input data
my @colored;
push(@colored, fg('bold', fg('red2', 'Bold and red')));
push(@colored, fg('green13', fg('italic', 'Green, italic')));
print "$_\n" for @colored;
print "$_\n" for uncolor(@colored);

Term::ExtendedColor provides functions for sending so called extended escape sequences to the terminal. This ought to be used with a 256-color compatible terminal; see the NOTES section for a matrix of terminal emulators currently supporting this.

None by default.

Two tags are provided for convience:

# Import all functions
use Term::ExtendedColor qw(:all);
# Import functions for setting attributes
# fg(), bg(), bold(), italic(), underline(), inverse(), clear()
use Term::ExtendedColor qw(:attributes);

my $green = fg('green2', 'green foreground');
my @blue  = fg('blue4',  ['takes arrayrefs as well']);
my $x_color = fg('mediumorchid1', 'Using mappings from the X11 rgb.txt');
my $arbitary_color = fg(4, 'This is colored in the fifth ANSI color');
my $raw_seq = fg('38;5;197;48;5;53;1;3;4;5;7', 'this works too');

Set foreground colors and attributes.

See "COLORS AND ATTRIBUTES" for valid first arguments. Additionally, colors can be specified using their index value:

my $yellow = fg(220, 'Yellow');

If the internal $AUTORESET variable is non-zero (default), every element in the list of strings will be wrapped in escape sequences in such a way that the requested attributes will be set before the string and reset to defaults after the string.

Fall-through attributes can be enabled by setting $AUTORESET to a false value.

Term::ExtendedColor::autoreset( 0 );
my $red   = fg('red1', 'Red');
my $green = fg('green1', 'Green');
print "Text after $red is red until $green\n";
print "Text is still green, ", bold('and now bold as well!');
# If you exit now without resetting the colors and attributes, chances are
# your prompt will be messed up.
clear(); # All back to normal

If an invalid attribute is passed, the original data will be returned unmodified.

If no attribute is passed, thrown an exception.

my $green_bg = bg('green4', 'green background');
my @blue_bg  = bg('blue6',  ['blue background']);

Like fg(), but sets background color.

my $stripped = uncolor($colored_data);
my @no_color = uncolor(\@colored);
my @no_color = uncolor(@colored);

Remove all attribute and color escape sequences from the input.

See uncolor for a command-line utility using this function.

get_colors() | get_colours()

my $colors = get_colors();

Returns a hash reference with all available attributes and colors.

clear()

When called in scalar context, returns the escape sequence that resets all attributes to their defaults.

When called in void context, prints it directly.

autoreset()

Turn autoreset on/off. Enabled by default.

Term::ExtendedColor::autoreset( 0 ); # Turn off autoreset

Convenience function that might be used in place of "fg('bold', \@data)";

When called without arguments, returns a a string that turns off the bold attribute.

Convenience function that might be used in place of "fg('italic', \@data)";

When called without arguments, returns a a string that turns off the italics attribute.

Convenience function that might be used in place of "fg('underline', \@data)";

When called without arguments, returns a a string that turns off the underline attribute.

Reverse video / inverse. Convenience function that might be used in place of "fg('inverse', \@data)";

When called without arguments, returns a a string that turns off the inverse attribute.

The codes generated by this module complies to the extension of the ANSI colors standard first implemented in xterm in 1999. The first 16 color indexes (0 - 15) is the regular ANSI colors, while index 16 - 255 is the extension. Not all terminal emulators support this extension, though I've had a hard time finding one that doesn't. :)

Terminal    256 colors
----------------------
aterm               no
eterm              yes
gnome-terminal     yes
konsole            yes
lxterminal         yes
mrxvt              yes
roxterm            yes
rxvt                no
rxvt-unicode       yes *
sakura             yes
terminal           yes
terminator         yes
vte                yes
xterm              yes
iTerm2             yes
Terminal.app        no
GNU Screen         yes
tmux               yes
TTY/VC              no

* Previously needed a patch. Full support was added in version 9.09.

There's no way to give these extended colors meaningful names.

Our first thought was to map them against some standard color names, like those in the HTML 4.0 specification or the SVG one. They didn't match.

Therefore, they are named by their base color (red, green, magenta) plus index; The first index (always 1) is the brightest shade of that particular color, while the last index is the darkest.

It's also possible to use some X color names, as defined in "rgb.txt". Do note that the color values do not match exactly; it's just an approximation.

A full list of available colors can be retrieved with get_colors(). See "COLORS AND ATTRIBUTES" for full list. All mapped colors can also be retrieved programmatically with get_colors().

reset, clear, normal        reset all attributes
bold, bright                bold or bright, depending on implementation
faint                       decreased intensity (not widely supported)
italic, cursive             italic or cursive
underline, underscore       underline
blink                       slow blink
blink_ms                    rapid blink (only supported in MS DOS)
reverse, inverse, negative  reverse video
conceal                     conceal, or hide (not widely supported)

FIRST       LAST
red1        red5
blue1       blue17
cyan1       cyan24
gray1       gray24
green1      green28
orange1     orange5
purple1     purple30
yellow1     yellow18
magenta1    magenta26

aquamarine1
aquamarine3
blueviolet
cadetblue1
cadetblue2
chartreuse1
chartreuse2
chartreuse3
chartreuse4
cornflowerblue
cornsilk1
darkblue
darkcyan
darkgoldenrod
darkgreen
darkkhaki
darkmagenta1
darkmagenta2
darkolivegreen1
darkolivegreen2
darkolivegreen3
darkolivegreen4
darkolivegreen5
darkorange3
darkorange4
darkorange1
darkred1
darkred2
darkseagreen1
darkseagreen2
darkseagreen3
darkseagreen4
darkslategray1
darkslategray2
darkslategray3
darkturquoise
darkviolet
deeppink1
deeppink2
deeppink3
deeppink4
deepskyblue1
deepskyblue2
deepskyblue3
deepskyblue4
deepskyblue4
dodgerblue1
dodgerblue2
dodgerblue3
gold1
gold3
greenyellow
grey0
grey100
grey11
grey15
grey19
grey23
grey27
grey30
grey3
grey35
grey37
grey39
grey42
grey46
grey50
grey53
grey54
grey58
grey62
grey63
grey66
grey69
grey70
grey74
grey7
grey78
grey82
grey84
grey85
grey89
grey93
honeydew2
hotpink2
hotpink3
hotpink
indianred1
indianred
khaki1
khaki3
lightcoral
lightcyan1
lightcyan3
lightgoldenrod1
lightgoldenrod2
lightgoldenrod3
lightgreen
lightpink1
lightpink3
lightpink4
lightsalmon1
lightsalmon3
lightsalmon3
lightseagreen
lightskyblue1
lightskyblue3
lightskyblue3
lightslateblue
lightslategrey
lightsteelblue1
lightsteelblue3
lightsteelblue
lightyellow3
mediumorchid1
mediumorchid3
mediumorchid
mediumpurple1
mediumpurple2
mediumpurple3
mediumpurple4
mediumpurple
mediumspringgreen
mediumturquoise
mediumvioletred
mistyrose1
mistyrose3
navajowhite1
navajowhite3
navyblue
orangered1
orchid1
orchid2
orchid
palegreen1
palegreen3
paleturquoise1
paleturquoise4
palevioletred1
pink1
pink3
plum1
plum2
plum3
plum4
purple
rosybrown
royalblue1
salmon1
sandybrown
seagreen1
seagreen2
seagreen3
skyblue1
skyblue2
skyblue3
slateblue1
slateblue3
springgreen1
springgreen2
springgreen3
springgreen4
steelblue1
steelblue3
steelblue
tan
thistle1
thistle3
turquoise2
turquoise4
violet
wheat1
wheat4

In addition, it's also possible to pass raw color;attr strings like so:

my $foo = fg('48;5;89;38;5;197;1;3;4;7', 'foo');

Even though the fg() function is used, we set the following attributes:

background => 89
foreground => 197
bold
italic
underline
reverse

Term::ExtendedColor::Xresources Term::ExtendedColor::TTY Term::ANSIColor

Magnus Woldrich
CPAN ID: WOLDRICH
m@japh.se
http://github.com/trapd00r
http://japh.se

Varadinsky https://github.com/Varadinsky

Copyright 2010, 2011, 2018, 2019- the Term::ExtendedColor "AUTHOR" and "CONTRIBUTORS" as listed above.

This library is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

2023-07-26 perl v5.38.0