HTTP::Headers::Util(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation HTTP::Headers::Util(3)

use HTTP::Headers::Util qw(split_header_words);
@values = split_header_words($h->header("Content-Type"));

This module provides a few functions that helps parsing and construction of valid HTTP header values. None of the functions are exported by default.

The following functions are available:

This function will parse the header values given as argument into a list of anonymous arrays containing key/value pairs. The function knows how to deal with ",", ";" and "=" as well as quoted values after "=". A list of space separated tokens are parsed as if they were separated by ";".

If the @header_values passed as argument contains multiple values, then they are treated as if they were a single value separated by comma ",".

This means that this function is useful for parsing header fields that follow this syntax (BNF as from the HTTP/1.1 specification, but we relax the requirement for tokens).

headers           = #header
header            = (token | parameter) *( [";"] (token | parameter))
token             = 1*<any CHAR except CTLs or separators>
separators        = "(" | ")" | "<" | ">" | "@"
                  | "," | ";" | ":" | "\" | <">
                  | "/" | "[" | "]" | "?" | "="
                  | "{" | "}" | SP | HT
quoted-string     = ( <"> *(qdtext | quoted-pair ) <"> )
qdtext            = <any TEXT except <">>
quoted-pair       = "\" CHAR
parameter         = attribute "=" value
attribute         = token
value             = token | quoted-string

Each header is represented by an anonymous array of key/value pairs. The keys will be all be forced to lower case. The value for a simple token (not part of a parameter) is "undef". Syntactically incorrect headers will not necessarily be parsed as you would want.

This is easier to describe with some examples:

split_header_words('foo="bar"; port="80,81"; DISCARD, BAR=baz');
split_header_words('text/html; charset="iso-8859-1"');
split_header_words('Basic realm="\\"foo\\\\bar\\""');

will return

[foo=>'bar', port=>'80,81', discard=> undef], [bar=>'baz' ]
['text/html' => undef, charset => 'iso-8859-1']
[basic => undef, realm => "\"foo\\bar\""]

If you don't want the function to convert tokens and attribute keys to lower case you can call it as "_split_header_words" instead (with a leading underscore).

This will do the opposite of the conversion done by split_header_words(). It takes a list of anonymous arrays as arguments (or a list of key/value pairs) and produces a single header value. Attribute values are quoted if needed.


join_header_words(["text/plain" => undef, charset => "iso-8859/1"]);
join_header_words("text/plain" => undef, charset => "iso-8859/1");

will both return the string:

text/plain; charset="iso-8859/1"
2023-10-03 perl v5.38.0