Date::Manip::Lang::turkish(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::turkish(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::turkish - Turkish language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

ocak

şubat
subat

mart

nisan

mayıs
mayis

haziran

temmuz

ağustos
agustos

eylül
eylul

ekim

kasım
kasim

aralık
aralik

The following abbreviations may be used:

oca

şub
sub

mar

nis

may

haz

tem

ağu
agu

eyl

eki

kas

ara
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

pazartesi

salı
sali

çarşamba
carsamba
Çarşamba

perşembe
persembe

cuma

cumartesi

pazar

The following abbreviations may be used:

pzt

sal

çar
car

per

cum

cts
cmt

paz

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

Pt

S

Ç
Cr

Pr

C

Ct

P
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

yil
y

ay
a

hafta
h

gun
g

saat
s

dakika
dak
d

saniye
sn
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

ögleden önce
ogleden once

öğleden sonra
ogleden sonra
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

her
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

gelecek
sonraki

Previous occurrence:

onceki
önceki

Last occurrence:

son
sonuncu
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

gecmis
geçmiş
gecen
geçen

gelecek
sonra
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

tam
yaklasik
yaklaşık

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

is
iş
çalışma
calisma
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1.
bir
ilk
birinci

2.
iki
ikinci

3.
üç
uc
üçüncü
ucuncu

4.
dört
dort
dördüncü
dorduncu

5.
beş
bes
beşinci
besinci

6.
altı
alti
altıncı

7.
yedi
yedinci

8.
sekiz
sekizinci

9.
dokuz
dokuzuncu

10.
on
onuncu


11.
on bir
on birinci

12.
on iki
on ikinci

13.
on üç
on uc
on üçüncü
on ucuncu

14.
on dört
on dort
on dördüncü
on dorduncu

15.
on beş
on bes
on beşinci
on besinci

16.
on altı
on alti
on altıncı

17.
on yedi
on yedinci

18.
on sekiz
on sekizinci

19.
on dokuz
on dokuzuncu

20.
yirmi
yirminci


21.
yirmi bir
yirminci birinci

22.
yirmi iki
yirminci ikinci

23.
yirmi üç
yirmi uc
yirminci üçüncü
yirminci ucuncu

24.
yirmi dört
yirmi dort
yirminci dördüncü
yirminci dorduncu

25.
yirmi beş
yirmi bes
yirminci beşinci
yirminci besinci

26.
yirmi altı
yirmi alti
yirminci altıncı

27.
yirmi yedi
yirminci yedinci

28.
yirmi sekiz
yirminci sekizinci

29.
yirmi dokuz
yirminci dokuzuncu

30.
otuz
otuzuncu


31.
otuz bir
otuz birinci

32.
otuz iki
otuz ikinci

33.
otuz üç
otuz uc
otuz üçüncü
otuz ucuncu

34.
otuz dört
otuz dort
otuz dördüncü
otuz dorduncu

35.
otuz beş
otuz bes
otuz beşinci
otuz besinci

36.
otuz altı
otuz alti
otuz altıncı

37.
otuz yedi
otuz yedinci

38.
otuz sekiz
otuz sekizinci

39.
otuz dokuz
otuz dokuzuncu

40.
kırk
kirk
kırkıncı
kirkinci


41.
kırk bir
kirk bir
kırk birinci
kirk birinci

42.
kırk iki
kirk iki
kırk ikinci
kirk ikinci

43.
kırk üç
kirk uc
kırk üçüncü
kirk ucuncu

44.
kırk dört
kirk dort
kırk dördüncü
kirk dorduncu

45.
kırk beş
kirk bes
kırk beşinci
kirk besinci

46.
kırk altı
kirk alti
kırk altıncı
kirk altıncı

47.
kırk yedi
kirk yedi
kırk yedinci
kirk yedinci

48.
kırk sekiz
kirk sekiz
kırk sekizinci
kirk sekizinci

49.
kırk dokuz
kirk dokuz
kırk dokuzuncu
kirk dokuzuncu

50.
elli
ellinci


51.
elli bir
elli birinci

52.
elli iki
elli ikinci

53.
elli üç
elli uc
elli üçüncü
elli ucuncu
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

saat

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

of

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

on
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

bugun                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
bugün                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
dun                  -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
dün                  -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
yarin                +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
yarın                +0:0:0:1:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

gece yarisi          00:00:00
gece yarısı          00:00:00
oglen                12:00:00
yarim                12:30:00
yarım                12:30:00
öğlen                12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

simdi                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
şimdi                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1