Date::Manip::Lang::romanian(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::romanian(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::romanian - Romanian language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

ianuarie

februarie

martie

aprilie

mai

iunie

iulie

august

septembrie

octombrie

noiembrie

decembrie

The following abbreviations may be used:

ian

feb
febr

mart

apr

mai

iun

iul

aug

sept

oct

nov

dec
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

luni

marți
marti
marþi

miercuri

joi

vineri

sâmbătă
sambata

duminică
duminica

The following abbreviations may be used:

lun

mar

mie

joi

vin

sâm
sam

dum

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

L

Ma

Mi

J

V

S

D
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

ani
an
a

luna
lună
luni
l

saptamini
săptămîni
saptamina
săptămîna
sapt
săpt

zile
zi
z

ora
oră
ore
h

minute
min
m

secunde
sec
s
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

AM
A.M.

PM
P.M.
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

fiecare
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

urmatoarea
următoarea

Previous occurrence:

precedenta
ultima

Last occurrence:

ultima
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

in urma
în urmă

in
în
mai tirziu
mai tîrziu
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

exact
aproximativ

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

lucratoare
lucrătoare
de lucru
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

a 1-a
prima
prima
intii
întîi
unu

a 2-a
a doua
a doua
doi

a 3-a
a treia
trei

a 4-a
a patra
patru

a 5-a
a cincea
cinci

a 6-a
a sasea
a şasea
sase
şase

a 7-a
a saptea
a şaptea
sapte
şapte

a 8-a
a opta
opt

a 9-a
a noua
noua
nouă

a 10-a
a zecea
zece


a 11-a
a unsprezecea
unsprezece

a 12-a
a doisprezecea
doisprezece

a 13-a
a treisprezecea
treisprezece

a 14-a
a patrusprezecea
patrusprezece
paisprezece

a 15-a
a cincisprezecea
cincisprezece

a 16-a
a saiprezecea
a şaiprezecea
saiprezece
şaiprezece

a 17-a
a saptesprezecea
a şaptesprezecea
saptesprezece
şaptesprezece

a 18-a
a optsprezecea
optsprezece

a 19-a
a nouasprezecea
a nouăsprezecea
nouasprezece
nouăsprezece

a 20-a
a douazecea
a douăzecea
douazeci
douăzeci


a 21-a
a douazecisiuna
a douăzecişiuna
douazecisiunu
douăzecişiunu

a 22-a
a douazecisidoua
a douăzecişidoua
douazecisidoi
douăzecişidoi

a 23-a
a douazecisitreia
a douăzecişitreia
douazecisitrei
douăzecişitrei

a 24-a
a douazecisipatra
a douăzecişipatra
douazecisipatru
douăzecisipatru

a 25-a
a douazecisicincea
a douăzecişicincea
douazecisicinci
douăzecişicinci

a 26-a
a douazecisisasea
a douăzecişişasea
douazecisisase
douăzecişişase

a 27-a
a douazecisisaptea
a douăzecişişaptea
douazecisisapte
douăzecişişapte

a 28-a
a douazecisiopta
a douăzecişiopta
douazecisiopt
douăzecişiopt

a 29-a
a douazecisinoua
a douăzecişinoua
douazecisinoua
douăzecişinouă

a 30-a
a treizecea
treizeci


a 31-a
a treizecisiuna
a treizecişiuna
treizecisiunu
treizecişiunu

a 32-a
a treizecisidoua
a treizecişdoua
treizecişidoi
treizecisidoi

a 33-a
a treizecisitreia
a treizeciştreia
treizecişitrei
treizecisitrei

a 34-a
a treizecisipatra
a treizecişpatra
treizecişipatru
treizecisipatru

a 35-a
a treizecisicincea
a treizecişcincea
treizecişicinci
treizecisicinci

a 36-a
a treizecisisasea
a treizecişşasea
treizecişişase
treizecisisase

a 37-a
a treizecisisaptea
a treizecişşaptea
treizecişişapte
treizecisisapte

a 38-a
a treizecisiopta
a treizecişopta
treizecişiopt
treizecisiopt

a 39-a
a treizecisinoua
a treizecişnoua
treizecişinouă
treizecisinoua

a 40-a
a patruzecea
patruzeci


a 41-a
a patruzecisiuna
a patruzecişiuna
patruzecisiunu
patruzecişiunu

a 42-a
a patruzecisidoua
a patruzecişidoua
patruzecişidoi
patruzecisidoi

a 43-a
a patruzecisitreia
a patruzecişitreia
patruzecişitrei
patruzecisitrei

a 44-a
a patruzecisipatra
a patruzecişipatra
patruzecişipatru
patruzecisipatru

a 45-a
a patruzecisicincea
a patruzecişicincea
patruzecişicinci
patruzecisicinci

a 46-a
a patruzecisisasea
a patruzecişişasea
patruzecişişase
patruzecisisase

a 47-a
a patruzecisisaptea
a patruzecişişaptea
patruzecişişapte
patruzecisisapte

a 48-a
a patruzecisiopta
a patruzecişiopta
patruzecişiopt
patruzecisiopt

a 49-a
a patruzecisinoua
a patruzecişinoua
patruzecişinouă
patruzecisinoua

a 50-a
a cincizecea
cincizeci


a 51-a
a cincizecisiuna
a cincizecişiuna
cincizecisiunu
cincizecişiunu

a 52-a
a cincizecisidoua
a cincizecişidoua
cincizecişidoi
cincizecisidoi

a 53-a
a cincizecisitreia
a cincizecişitreia
cincizecişitrei
cincizecisitrei
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

la

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

din
in
n

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

on
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

alaltaieri           -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
alaltăieri           -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
astazi               0:0:0:0:0:0:0
astăzi               0:0:0:0:0:0:0
azi                  0:0:0:0:0:0:0
ieri                 -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
miine                +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
mîine                +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
poimiine             +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
poimîine             +0:0:0:2:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

amiaza               12:00:00
amiază               12:00:00
miezul noptii        00:00:00
miezul nopții        00:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

acum                 0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1