Date::Manip::Lang::norwegian(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::norwegian(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::norwegian - Norwegian language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

januar

februar

mars

april

mai

juni

juli

august

september

oktober

november

desember

The following abbreviations may be used:

jan

feb

mar

apr

mai

jun

jul

aug

sep

okt

nov

des
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

mandag

tirsdag

onsdag

torsdag

fredag

lørdag
loerdag

søndag
soendag

The following abbreviations may be used:

man

tir

ons

tor

fre

lør
loer

søn
soen

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

m

ti

o

to

f

l

s
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

aar
år
å
aa

maaneder
måneder
måned
mnd
maaned
mnd

uker
uke
uk
ukr
u

dager
dag
d

timer
time
t

minutter
minutt
min
m

sekunder
sekund
sek
s
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

FM

EM
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

hver
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

neste

Previous occurrence:

forrige

Last occurrence:

siste
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

siden

om
senere
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

eksakt
cirka
omtrent

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

arbeidsdag
arbeidsdager
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1.
første
foerste
en

2.
andre
to

3.
tredje
tre

4.
fjerde
fire

5.
femte
fem

6.
sjette
seks

7.
syvende
syv

8.
åttende
aattende
åtte
aatte

9.
niende
ni

10.
tiende
ti


11.
ellevte
elleve

12.
tolvte
tolv

13.
trettende
tretten

14.
fjortende
fjorten

15.
femtende
femten

16.
sekstende
seksten

17.
syttende
sytten

18.
attende
atten

19.
nittende
nitten

20.
tjuende
tjue


21.
tjueførste
tjuefoerste
tjueen

22.
tjueandre
tjueto

23.
tjuetredje
tjuetre

24.
tjuefjerde
tjuefire

25.
tjuefemte
tjuefem

26.
tjuesjette
tjueseks

27.
tjuesyvende
tjuesyv

28.
tjueåttende
tjueaattende
tjueåtte
tjueaatte

29.
tjueniende
tjueni

30.
trettiende
tretti


31.
trettiførste
trettifoerste
trettien

32.
trettiandre
trettito

33.
trettitredje
trettitre

34.
trettifjerde
trettifire

35.
trettifemte
trettifem

36.
trettisjette
trettiseks

37.
trettisyvende
trettisyv

38.
trettiåttende
trettiaattende
trettiåtte
trettiaatte

39.
trettiniende
trettini

40.
førtiende
foertiende
førti
foerti


41.
førtiførste
foertifoerste
førtien
foertien

42.
førtiandre
foertiandre
førtito
foertito

43.
førtitredje
foertitredje
førtitre
foertitre

44.
førtifjerde
foertifjerde
førtifire
foertifire

45.
førtifemte
foertifemte
førtifem
foertifem

46.
førtisjette
foertisjette
førtiseks
foertiseks

47.
førtisyvende
foertisyvende
førtisyv
foertisyv

48.
førtiåttende
foertiaattende
førtiåtte
foertiaatte

49.
førtiniende
foertiniende
førtini
foertini

50.
femtiende
femti


51.
femtiførste
femtifoerste
femtien

52.
femtiandre
femtito

53.
femtitredje
femtitre
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

kl
kl.
klokken

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

første
foerste

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

på
paa
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

i dag                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
i gaar               -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
i går                -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
i morgen             +0:0:0:1:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

midnatt              00:00:00
midt paa dagen       12:00:00
midt på dagen        12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

naa                  0:0:0:0:0:0:0
nå                   0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1