Date::Manip::Lang::italian(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::italian(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::italian - Italian language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

Gennaio

Febbraio

Marzo

Aprile

Maggio

Giugno

Luglio

Agosto

Settembre

Ottobre

Novembre

Dicembre

The following abbreviations may be used:

Gen

Feb

Mar

Apr

Mag

Giu

Lug

Ago

Set

Ott

Nov

Dic
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

Lunedì
Lunedi

Martedì
Martedi

Mercoledì
Mercoledi

Giovedì
Giovedi

Venerdì
Venerdi

Sabato

Domenica

The following abbreviations may be used:

Lun

Mar

Mer

Gio

Ven

Sab

Dom

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

L

Ma

Me

G

V

S

D
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

anni
anno
a

mesi
mese
mes
m

settimane
settimana
sett

giorni
giorno
g

ore
ora
h

minuti
minuto
min

secondi
s
secondo
sec
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

AM
m.

PM
p.
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

ogni
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

prossimo
prossima

Previous occurrence:

scorso
scorsa

Last occurrence:

ultimo
ultima
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

fa

fra
dopo
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

esattamente
circa

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

lavorativi
lavorativo
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1o
1a
uno
una
primo
prima

2o
2a
due
secondo
seconda

3o
3a
tre
terzo
terza

4o
4a
quattro
quarto
quarta

5o
5a
cinque
quinto
quinta

6o
6a
sei
sesto
sesta

7o
7a
sette
settimo
settima

8o
8a
otto
ottavo
ottava

9o
9a
nove
nono
nona

10o
10a
dieci
decimo
decima


11o
11a
undici
undicesimo
undicesima

12o
12a
dodici
dodicesimo
dodicesima

13o
13a
tredici
tredicesimo
tredicesima

14o
14a
quattordici
quattordicesimo
quattordicesima

15o
15a
quindici
quindicesimo
quindicesima

16o
16a
sedici
sedicesimo
sedicesima

17o
17a
diciassette
diciassettesimo
diciassettesima

18o
18a
diciotto
diciottesimo
diciottesima

19o
19a
diciannove
diciannovesimo
diciannovesima

20o
20a
venti
ventesimo
ventesima


21o
21a
ventuno
ventunesimo
ventunesima

22o
22a
ventidue
ventiduesimo
ventiduesima

23o
23a
ventitré
ventitre
ventitreesimo
ventitreesima

24o
24a
ventiquattro
ventiquattresimo
ventiquattresima

25o
25a
venticinque
venticinquesimo
venticinquesima

26o
26a
ventisei
ventiseiesimo
ventiseiesima

27o
27a
ventisette
ventisettesimo
ventisettesima

28o
28a
ventotto
ventottesimo
ventottesima

29o
29a
ventinove
ventinovesimo
ventinovesima

30o
30a
trenta
trentesimo
trentesima


31o
31a
trentuno
trentunesimo
trentunesima

32o
32a
trentadue
trentaduesimo
trentaduesima

33o
33a
trentatré
trentatre
trentatreesimo
trentatreesima

34o
34a
trentaquattro
trentiquattresimo
trentaquattresima

35o
35a
trentacinque
trentacinquesimo
trentacinquesima

36o
36a
trentasei
trentaseiesimo
trentaseiesima

37o
37a
trentasette
trentasettesimo
trentasettesima

38o
38a
trentotto
trentottesimo
trentottesima

39o
39a
trentanove
trentanovesimo
trentanovesima

40o
40a
quaranta
quarantesimo
quarantesima


41o
41a
quarantuno
quarantunesimo
quarantunesima

42o
42a
quarantadue
quarantaduesimo
quarantaduesima

43o
43a
quarantatré
quarantatre
quarantatreesimo
quarantatreesima

44o
44a
quarantaquattro
quarantaquattresimo
quarantaquattresima

45o
45a
quarantacinque
quarantacinquesimo
quarantacinquesima

46o
46a
quarantasei
quarantaseiesimo
quarantaseiesima

47o
47a
quarantasette
quarantasettesimo
quarantasettesima

48o
48a
quarantotto
quarantottesimo
quarantottesima

49o
49a
quarantanove
quarantanovesimo
quarantanovesima

50o
50a
cinquanta
cinquantesimo
cinquantesima


51o
51a
cinquantuno
cinquantunesimo
cinquantunesima

52o
52a
cinquantadue
cinquantaduesimo
cinquantaduesima

53o
53a
cinquantatré
cinquantatre
cinquantatreesimo
cinquantatreesima
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

alle

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

della
del
di

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

di
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

domani               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
dopodomani           +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
ieri                 -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
l'altroieri          -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
oggi                 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

mezzanotte           00:00:00
mezzogiorno          12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

adesso               0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1