Date::Manip::Lang::french(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::french(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::french - French language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

janvier

février
fevrier

mars

avril

mai

juin

juillet

août
aout

septembre

octobre

novembre

décembre
decembre

The following abbreviations may be used:

jan
jan.

fév
fev
fev.
fév.

mar
mar.

avr
avr.

mai
mai.

juin
juin.

juil
juil.

août
aout
aout.
août.

sept
sept.

oct
oct.

nov
nov.

déc
dec
dec.
déc.
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

lundi

mardi

mercredi

jeudi

vendredi

samedi

dimanche

The following abbreviations may be used:

lun
lun.

mar
mar.

mer
mer.

jeu
jeu.

ven
ven.

sam
sam.

dim
dim.

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

l

ma

me

j

v

s

d
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

annees
années
an
annee
ans
année

mois
m

semaine
semaines
sem

jours
j
jour
journee
journée

heures
h
heure

minutes
mn
min
minute

secondes
s
sec
seconde
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

du matin

du soir
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

chaque
tous les
toutes les
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

suivant
suivante
prochain
prochaine

Previous occurrence:

precedent
précédent
precedente
précédente
derniere
dernière

Last occurrence:

dernier
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

il y a
auparavant
dans le passé
plus tot
plus tôt

en
plus tard
dans l'avenir
a venir
à venir
dans
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

exactement
approximativement
environ

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

professionel
ouvrable
ouvrables
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1er
1re
premier
un

2e
deux
deuxieme
deuxième

3e
trois
troisieme
troisième

4e
quatre
quatrieme
quatrième

5e
cinq
cinquieme
cinquième

6e
six
sixieme
sixième

7e
sept
septieme
septième

8e
huit
huitieme
huitième

9e
neuf
neuvieme
neuvième

10e
dix
dixieme
dixième


11e
onze
onzieme
onzième

12e
douze
douzieme
douzième

13e
treize
treizieme
treizième

14e
quatorze
quatorzieme
quatorzième

15e
quinze
quinzieme
quinzième

16e
seize
seizieme
seizième

17e
dix-sept
dix-septieme
dix-septième

18e
dix-huit
dix-huitieme
dix-huitième

19e
dix-neuf
dix-neuvieme
dix-neuvième

20e
vingt
vingtieme
vingtième


21e
vingt et un
vingt et unieme
vingt et unième

22e
vingt-deux
vingt-deuxieme
vingt-deuxième

23e
vingt-trois
vingt-troisieme
vingt-troisième

24e
vingt-quatre
vingt-quatrieme
vingt-quatrième

25e
vingt-cinq
vingt-cinquieme
vingt-cinquième

26e
vingt-six
vingt-sixieme
vingt-sixième

27e
vingt-sept
vingt-septieme
vingt-septième

28e
vingt-huit
vingt-huitieme
vingt-huitième

29e
vingt-neuf
vingt-neuvieme
vingt-neuvième

30e
trente
trentieme
trentième


31e
trente et un
trente et unieme
trente et unième

32e
trente-deux
trente-deuxieme
trente-deuxième

33e
trente-trois
trente-troisieme
trente-troisième

34e
trente-quatre
trente-quatrieme
trente-quatrième

35e
trente-cinq
trente-cinquieme
trente-cinquième

36e
trente-six
trente-sixieme
trente-sixième

37e
trente-sept
trente-septieme
trente-septième

38e
trente-huit
trente-huitieme
trente-huitième

39e
trente-neuf
trente-neuvieme
trente-neuvième

40e
quarante
quarantieme
quarantième


41e
quarante et un
quarante et unieme
quarante et unième

42e
quarante-deux
quarante-deuxieme
quarante-deuxième

43e
quarante-trois
quarante-troisieme
quarante-troisième

44e
quarante-quatre
quarante-quatrieme
quarante-quatrième

45e
quarante-cinq
quarante-cinquieme
quarante-cinquième

46e
quarante-six
quarante-sixieme
quarante-sixième

47e
quarante-sept
quarante-septieme
quarante-septième

48e
quarante-huit
quarante-huitieme
quarante-huitième

49e
quarante-neuf
quarante-neuvieme
quarante-neuvième

50e
cinquante
cinquantieme
cinquantième


51e
cinquante et un
cinquante et unieme
cinquante et unième

52e
cinquante-deux
cinquante-deuxieme
cinquante-deuxième

53e
cinquante-trois
cinquante-troisieme
cinquante-troisième
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

a
à

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

de
en
du

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

sur
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

aujourd'hui          0:0:0:0:0:0:0
aujourd’hui          0:0:0:0:0:0:0
demain               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
hier                 -0:0:0:1:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

midi                 12:00:00
minuit               00:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

maintenant           0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

h  :
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1