Date::Manip::Lang::dutch(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::dutch(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::dutch - Dutch language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

januari

februari

maart

april

mei

juni

juli

augustus

september

oktober

november

december

The following abbreviations may be used:

jan

feb

maa
mrt

apr

mei

jun

jul

aug

sep

oct
okt

nov

dec
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

maandag

dinsdag

woensdag

donderdag

vrijdag

zaterdag

zondag

The following abbreviations may be used:

ma

di

wo

do

vr

zat
za

zon
zo

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

M

D

W

D

V

Za

Zo
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

jaren
jaar
ja
j

maanden
maand
mnd

weken
week
w

dagen
dag
d

uren
uur
u
h

minuten
m
minuut
min

seconden
seconde
sec
s
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

am
a.m.
vm
v.m.
voormiddag
's ochtends
ochtend
's nachts
nacht

pm
p.m.
nm
n.m.
namiddag
's middags
middag
's avonds
avond
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

elke
elk
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

volgende
volgend

Previous occurrence:

voorgaande
voorgaand
vorige

Last occurrence:

laatste
afgelopen
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

geleden
vroeger
eerder

over
later
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

exact
precies
nauwkeurig
ongeveer
ong
ong.
circa
ca
ca.

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

werk
werkdagen
zakelijke
zakelijk
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1ste
eerste
een

2de
tweede
twee

3de
derde
drie

4de
vierde
vier

5de
vijfde
vijf

6de
zesde
zes

7de
zevende
zeven

8ste
achtste
acht

9de
negende
negen

10de
tiende
tien


11de
elfde
elf

12de
twaalfde
twaalf

13de
dertiende
dertien

14de
veertiende
veertien

15de
vijftiende
vijftien

16de
zestiende
zestien

17de
zeventiende
zeventien

18de
achttiende
achttien

19de
negentiende
negentien

20ste
twintigstetiende
twintigtien
twintig


21ste
eenentwintigstetiende
een-en-twintigste
eenentwintigtien
een-en-twintig
Eenentwintig

22ste
tweeentwintigstetiende
twee-en-twintigste
tweeentwintigtien
twee-en-twintig
tweeentwintig
tweeentwintigste
tweeëntwintig
tweeëntwintigste

23ste
drieentwintigstetiende
drie-en-twintigste
drieentwintigtien
drie-en-twintig
drieentwintig
drieentwintigste
drieëntwintig
drieëntwintigste

24ste
vierentwintigstetiende
vier-en-twintigste
vierentwintigtien
vier-en-twintig
vierentwintig
vierentwintigste

25ste
vijfentwintigstetiende
vijf-en-twintigste
vijfentwintigtien
vijf-en-twintig
vijfentwintig
vijfentwintigste

26ste
zesentwintigstetiende
zes-en-twintigste
zesentwintigtien
zes-en-twintig
zesentwintig
zesentwintigste

27ste
zevenentwintigstetiende
zeven-en-twintigste
zevenentwintigtien
zeven-en-twintig
zevenentwintig
zevenentwintigste

28ste
achtentwintigstetiende
acht-en-twintigste
achtentwintigtien
acht-en-twintig
achtentwintig
achtentwintigste

29ste
negenentwintigstetiende
negen-en-twintigste
negenentwintigtien
negen-en-twintig
negenentwintig
negenentwintigste

30ste
dertigsteentwintigstetiende
dertigste-en-twintigste
dertigentwintigtien
dertig-en-twintig
dertig
dertigste


31ste
eenendertigsteentwintigstetiende
een-en-dertigste-en-twintigste
eenendertigentwintigtien
een-en-dertig-en-twintig
eenendertig
eenendertigste

32ste
tweeendertig
tweeendertigste
tweeëndertig
tweeëndertigste

33ste
drieendertig
drieendertigste
drieëndertig
drieëndertigste

34ste
vierendertig
vierendertigste

35ste
vijfendertig
vijfendertigste

36ste
zesendertig
zesendertigste

37ste
zevenendertig
zevenendertigste

38ste
achtendertig
achtendertigste

39ste
negenendertig
negenendertigste

40ste
veertig
veertigste


41ste
eenenveertig
eenenveertigste

42ste
tweeënveertig
tweeënveertigste
tweeenveertig
tweeenveertigste

43ste
drieënveertig
drieënveertigste
drieenveertig
drieenveertigste

44ste
vierenveertig
vierenveertigste

45ste
vijfenveertig
vijfenveertigste

46ste
zesenveertig
zesenveertigste

47ste
zevenenveertig
zevenenveertigste

48ste
achtenveertig
achtenveertigste

49ste
negenenveertig
negenenveertigste

50ste
vijftig
vijftigste


51ste
eenenvijftig
eenenvijftigste

52ste
tweeënvijftig
tweeënvijftigste
tweeenvijftig
tweeenvijftigste

53ste
drieënvijftig
drieënvijftigste
drieenvijftig
drieenvijftigste
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

om

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

in
van

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

op
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

eergisteren          -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
gisteren             -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
morgen               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
overmorgen           +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
vandaag              0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

middernacht          00:00:00
noen                 12:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

nou                  0:0:0:0:0:0:0
nu                   0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

[.]  [.]
[uh]  [m]
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1