Date::Manip::Lang::catalan(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Date::Manip::Lang::catalan(3)

Date::Manip::Lang::catalan - Catalan language support.

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.

Month names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:

Gener

Febrer

Març
Marc

Abril

Maig

Juny

Juliol

Agost

Setembre

Octubre

Novembre

Desembre

The following abbreviations may be used:

Gen
gen.

Feb
febr
feb.
febr.

Mar
mar.

Abr
abr.

Mai
mai.

Jun
jun.

Jul
jul.

Ago
ag
ago.
ag.

Set
set.

Oct
oct.

Nov
nov.

Des
Dec
des.
dec.
Day names and abbreviations
When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:

Dilluns

Dimarts

Dimecres

Dijous

Divendres

Dissabte

Diumenge

The following abbreviations may be used:

Dll
dl.
dl

Dmt
Dim
dt.
dt

Dmc
Dic
dc.
dc

Dij
dj.
dj

Div
dv.
dv

Dis
ds.
ds

Diu
dg.
dg

The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

Dl
L

Dm
M
t

Dc
X
c

Dj
J

Dv
V

Ds
S

Du
U
g
Delta field names
These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

anys
a
an
any

mes
m
me
ms

setmanes
s
se
set
setm
setmana

dies
d
dia

hores
h
ho
hora

minuts
mn
min
minut

segons
s
seg
segon
Morning/afternoon times
This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

AM
A.M.
de la matinada

PM
P.M.
de la tarda
Each or every
There are a list of words that specify every occurrence of something. These are used in the following phrases:

EACH Monday
EVERY Monday
EVERY month

The following words may be used:

cadascuna
cada
cadascun
Next/Previous/Last occurrence
There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurrence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:

NEXT week

LAST Tuesday
PREVIOUS Tuesday

LAST day of the month

The following words may be used:

Next occurrence:

proper
seguent
següent

Previous occurrence:

passat
proppassat
anterior

Last occurrence:

darrer
darrera
ultim
últim
ultima
última
passat
Delta words for going forward/backward in time
When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:

IN 5 days
5 days AGO

The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:

fa

d'aqui a
d'aquí a
mes tard
més tard
Business mode
This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:

exactament
approximadament

The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

empresa
Numbers
Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:

1er
primer
un

2n
segon
dos

3r
tercer
tres

4t
quart
quatre

5è
5e
cinque
Cinquè
cinc

6è
6e
sise
sisè
sis

7è
7e
sete
setè
set

8è
8e
vuite
vuitè
vuit

9è
9e
nove
novè
nou

10è
10e
dese
desè
deu


11è
11e
onze
onzè

12è
12e
dotze
dotzè

13è
13e
tretze
tretzè

14è
14e
catorze
catorzè

15è
15e
quinze
quinzè

16è
16e
setze
setzè

17è
17e
dissete
dissetè
disset

18è
18e
divuite
divuitè
divuit

19è
19e
dinove
dinovèe
dinou

20è
20e
vinte
vintè
vint


21è
21e
vint-i-une
vint-i-unè
vint-i-u

22è
22e
vint-i-dose
vint-i-dosè
vint-i-dos

23è
23e
vint-i-trese
vint-i-tresè
vint-i-tres

24è
24e
vint-i-quatre
vint-i-quatrè

25è
25e
vint-i-cinque
vint-i-cinquè

26è
26e
vint-i-sise
vint-i-sisè

27è
27e
vint-i-sete
vint-i-setè

28è
28e
vint-i-vuite
vint-i-vuitè

29è
29e
vint-i-nove
vint-i-novè

30è
30e
trente
trentè
trenta


31è
31e
trenta-une
trenta-unè
trenta-u

32è
32e
trenta-dos

33è
33e
trenta-tres

34è
34e
trenta-quatre

35è
35e
trenta-cinc

36è
36e
trenta-sis

37è
37e
trenta-set
trenta-setè
trenta-sete

38è
38e
trenta-vuit

39è
39e
trenta-nou

40è
40e
quaranta


41è
41e
quaranta-un

42è
42e
quaranta-dos

43è
43e
quaranta-tres

44è
44e
quaranta-quatre

45è
45e
quaranta-cinc

46è
46e
quaranta-sis

47è
47e
quaranta-set

48è
48e
quaranta-vuit
quaranta-vuitena

49è
49e
quaranta-nou

50è
50e
cinquantè
cinquante


51è
51e
cinquanta-un

52è
52e
cinquanta-dos

53è
53e
cinquanta-tres
Ignored words
In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

December 3 at 12:00

The following words may be used:

a les
a
al

Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:

1st day OF December
1st day IN December

The following words may be used:

de
d'

Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:

ON July 5th

The following words may be used:

el
Words that set the date, time, or both
There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:

abans d'ahir         -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
ahir                 -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
dema                 +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
dema passat          +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
demà                 +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
demà passat          +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
idag                 0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or 'midnight'.

The following words may be used:

migdia               12:00:00
mitjanit             00:00:00

Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

The following words may be used:

ara                  0:0:0:0:0:0:0
avui                 0:0:0:0:0:0:0
Hour/Minute/Second separators
When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

: :
h :

The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don't include the expression '[x]' where 'x' is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:

Not defined in this language
Fractional second separator
When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:

Not defined in this language

None known.

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

Date::Manip - main module documentation

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
2021-03-02 perl v5.32.1