Stdlib.Float(3) | OCaml library | Stdlib.Float(3) |

# NAME

Stdlib.Float - no description

# Module

Module Stdlib.Float

# Documentation

Module **Float**

: **(module Stdlib__Float)**

*val zero* : **float**

The floating point 0.

**Since** 4.08

*val one* : **float**

The floating-point 1.

**Since** 4.08

*val minus_one* : **float**

The floating-point -1.

**Since** 4.08

*val neg* : **float -> float**

Unary negation.

*val add* : **float -> float -> float**

Floating-point addition.

*val sub* : **float -> float -> float**

Floating-point subtraction.

*val mul* : **float -> float -> float**

Floating-point multiplication.

*val div* : **float -> float -> float**

Floating-point division.

*val fma* : **float -> float -> float ->
float**

**fma x y z** returns **x * y + z** , with a best effort for
computing this expression with a single rounding, using either hardware
instructions (providing full IEEE compliance) or a software emulation.

On 64-bit Cygwin, 64-bit mingw-w64 and MSVC 2017 and earlier, this function may be emulated owing to known bugs on limitations on these platforms. Note: since software emulation of the fma is costly, make sure that you are using hardware fma support if performance matters.

**Since** 4.08

*val rem* : **float -> float -> float**

**rem a b** returns the remainder of **a** with respect to
**b** . The returned value is **a -. n *. b** , where **n** is the
quotient **a /. b** rounded towards zero to an integer.

*val succ* : **float -> float**

**succ x** returns the floating point number right after
**x** i.e., the smallest floating-point number greater than **x** .
See also **Float.next_after** .

**Since** 4.08

*val pred* : **float -> float**

**pred x** returns the floating-point number right before
**x** i.e., the greatest floating-point number smaller than **x** .
See also **Float.next_after** .

**Since** 4.08

*val abs* : **float -> float**

**abs f** returns the absolute value of **f** .

*val infinity* : **float**

Positive infinity.

*val neg_infinity* : **float**

Negative infinity.

*val nan* : **float**

A special floating-point value denoting the result of an undefined
operation such as **0.0 /. 0.0** . Stands for 'not a number'. Any
floating-point operation with **nan** as argument returns **nan** as
result, unless otherwise specified in IEEE 754 standard. As for
floating-point comparisons, **=** , **<** , **<=** ,
**>** and **>=** return **false** and **<>** returns
**true** if one or both of their arguments is **nan** .

**nan** is **quiet_nan** since 5.1; it was a signaling NaN
before.

*val signaling_nan* : **float**

Signaling NaN. The corresponding signals do not raise OCaml exception, but the value can be useful for interoperability with C libraries.

**Since** 5.1

*val quiet_nan* : **float**

Quiet NaN.

**Since** 5.1

*val pi* : **float**

The constant pi.

*val max_float* : **float**

The largest positive finite value of type **float** .

*val min_float* : **float**

The smallest positive, non-zero, non-denormalized value of type
**float** .

*val epsilon* : **float**

The difference between **1.0** and the smallest exactly
representable floating-point number greater than **1.0** .

*val is_finite* : **float -> bool**

**is_finite x** is **true** if and only if **x** is
finite i.e., not infinite and not **Float.nan** .

**Since** 4.08

*val is_infinite* : **float -> bool**

**is_infinite x** is **true** if and only if **x** is
**Float.infinity** or **Float.neg_infinity** .

**Since** 4.08

*val is_nan* : **float -> bool**

**is_nan x** is **true** if and only if **x** is not a
number (see **Float.nan** ).

**Since** 4.08

*val is_integer* : **float -> bool**

**is_integer x** is **true** if and only if **x** is an
integer.

**Since** 4.08

*val of_int* : **int -> float**

Convert an integer to floating-point.

*val to_int* : **float -> int**

Truncate the given floating-point number to an integer. The result
is unspecified if the argument is **nan** or falls outside the range of
representable integers.

*val of_string* : **string -> float**

Convert the given string to a float. The string is read in decimal
(by default) or in hexadecimal (marked by **0x** or **0X** ). The
format of decimal floating-point numbers is **[-] dd.ddd (e|E) [+|-] dd**
, where **d** stands for a decimal digit. The format of hexadecimal
floating-point numbers is **[-] 0(x|X) hh.hhh (p|P) [+|-] dd** , where
**h** stands for an hexadecimal digit and **d** for a decimal digit.
In both cases, at least one of the integer and fractional parts must be
given; the exponent part is optional. The **_** (underscore) character
can appear anywhere in the string and is ignored. Depending on the execution
platforms, other representations of floating-point numbers can be accepted,
but should not be relied upon.

**Raises Failure** if the given string is not a valid
representation of a float.

*val of_string_opt* : **string -> float option**

Same as **of_string** , but returns **None** instead of
raising.

*val to_string* : **float -> string**

Return a string representation of a floating-point number.

This conversion can involve a loss of precision. For greater
control over the manner in which the number is printed, see **Printf**
.

This function is an alias for **string_of_float** .

*type fpclass* = **fpclass** =

| FP_normal (* Normal number, none of the below

*)

| FP_subnormal (* Number very close to 0.0, has reduced precision

*)

| FP_zero (* Number is 0.0 or -0.0

*)

| FP_infinite (* Number is positive or negative infinity

*)

| FP_nan (* Not a number: result of an undefined operation

*)

The five classes of floating-point numbers, as determined by the
**Float.classify_float** function.

*val classify_float* : **float -> fpclass**

Return the class of the given floating-point number: normal, subnormal, zero, infinite, or not a number.

*val pow* : **float -> float -> float**

Exponentiation.

*val sqrt* : **float -> float**

Square root.

*val cbrt* : **float -> float**

Cube root.

**Since** 4.13

*val exp* : **float -> float**

Exponential.

*val exp2* : **float -> float**

Base 2 exponential function.

**Since** 4.13

*val log* : **float -> float**

Natural logarithm.

*val log10* : **float -> float**

Base 10 logarithm.

*val log2* : **float -> float**

Base 2 logarithm.

**Since** 4.13

*val expm1* : **float -> float**

**expm1 x** computes **exp x -. 1.0** , giving
numerically-accurate results even if **x** is close to **0.0** .

*val log1p* : **float -> float**

**log1p x** computes **log(1.0 +. x)** (natural logarithm),
giving numerically-accurate results even if **x** is close to **0.0**
.

*val cos* : **float -> float**

Cosine. Argument is in radians.

*val sin* : **float -> float**

Sine. Argument is in radians.

*val tan* : **float -> float**

Tangent. Argument is in radians.

*val acos* : **float -> float**

Arc cosine. The argument must fall within the range **[-1.0,
1.0]** . Result is in radians and is between **0.0** and **pi**
.

*val asin* : **float -> float**

Arc sine. The argument must fall within the range **[-1.0,
1.0]** . Result is in radians and is between **-pi/2** and **pi/2**
.

*val atan* : **float -> float**

Arc tangent. Result is in radians and is between **-pi/2** and
**pi/2** .

*val atan2* : **float -> float -> float**

**atan2 y x** returns the arc tangent of **y /. x** . The
signs of **x** and **y** are used to determine the quadrant of the
result. Result is in radians and is between **-pi** and **pi** .

*val hypot* : **float -> float -> float**

**hypot x y** returns **sqrt(x *. x +. y *. y)** , that is,
the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle with sides of length
**x** and **y** , or, equivalently, the distance of the point
**(x,y)** to origin. If one of **x** or **y** is infinite, returns
**infinity** even if the other is **nan** .

*val cosh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic cosine. Argument is in radians.

*val sinh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic sine. Argument is in radians.

*val tanh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic tangent. Argument is in radians.

*val acosh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic arc cosine. The argument must fall within the range
**[1.0, inf]** . Result is in radians and is between **0.0** and
**inf** .

**Since** 4.13

*val asinh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic arc sine. The argument and result range over the entire real line. Result is in radians.

**Since** 4.13

*val atanh* : **float -> float**

Hyperbolic arc tangent. The argument must fall within the range
**[-1.0, 1.0]** . Result is in radians and ranges over the entire real
line.

**Since** 4.13

*val erf* : **float -> float**

Error function. The argument ranges over the entire real line. The
result is always within **[-1.0, 1.0]** .

**Since** 4.13

*val erfc* : **float -> float**

Complementary error function ( **erfc x = 1 - erf x** ). The
argument ranges over the entire real line. The result is always within
**[-1.0, 1.0]** .

**Since** 4.13

*val trunc* : **float -> float**

**trunc x** rounds **x** to the nearest integer whose
absolute value is less than or equal to **x** .

**Since** 4.08

*val round* : **float -> float**

**round x** rounds **x** to the nearest integer with ties
(fractional values of 0.5) rounded away from zero, regardless of the current
rounding direction. If **x** is an integer, **+0.** , **-0.** ,
**nan** , or infinite, **x** itself is returned.

On 64-bit mingw-w64, this function may be emulated owing to a bug in the C runtime library (CRT) on this platform.

**Since** 4.08

*val ceil* : **float -> float**

Round above to an integer value. **ceil f** returns the least
integer value greater than or equal to **f** . The result is returned as
a float.

*val floor* : **float -> float**

Round below to an integer value. **floor f** returns the
greatest integer value less than or equal to **f** . The result is
returned as a float.

*val next_after* : **float -> float -> float**

**next_after x y** returns the next representable
floating-point value following **x** in the direction of **y** . More
precisely, if **y** is greater (resp. less) than **x** , it returns
the smallest (resp. largest) representable number greater (resp. less) than
**x** . If **x** equals **y** , the function returns **y** . If
**x** or **y** is **nan** , a **nan** is returned. Note that
**next_after max_float infinity = infinity** and that **next_after 0.
infinity** is the smallest denormalized positive number. If **x** is
the smallest denormalized positive number, **next_after x 0. = 0.**

**Since** 4.08

*val copy_sign* : **float -> float -> float**

**copy_sign x y** returns a float whose absolute value is that
of **x** and whose sign is that of **y** . If **x** is **nan** ,
returns **nan** . If **y** is **nan** , returns either **x** or
**-. x** , but it is not specified which.

*val sign_bit* : **float -> bool**

**sign_bit x** is **true** if and only if the sign bit of
**x** is set. For example **sign_bit 1.** and **signbit 0.** are
**false** while **sign_bit (-1.)** and **sign_bit (-0.)** are
**true** .

**Since** 4.08

*val frexp* : **float -> float * int**

**frexp f** returns the pair of the significant and the
exponent of **f** . When **f** is zero, the significant **x** and
the exponent **n** of **f** are equal to zero. When **f** is
non-zero, they are defined by **f = x *. 2 ** n** and **0.5 <= x <
1.0** .

*val ldexp* : **float -> int -> float**

**ldexp x n** returns **x *. 2 ** n** .

*val modf* : **float -> float * float**

**modf f** returns the pair of the fractional and integral part
of **f** .

*type t* = **float**

An alias for the type of floating-point numbers.

*val compare* : **t -> t -> int**

**compare x y** returns **0** if **x** is equal to
**y** , a negative integer if **x** is less than **y** , and a
positive integer if **x** is greater than **y** . **compare**
treats **nan** as equal to itself and less than any other float value.
This treatment of **nan** ensures that **compare** defines a total
ordering relation.

*val equal* : **t -> t -> bool**

The equal function for floating-point numbers, compared using
**Float.compare** .

*val min* : **t -> t -> t**

**min x y** returns the minimum of **x** and **y** . It
returns **nan** when **x** or **y** is **nan** . Moreover **min
(-0.) (+0.) = -0.**

**Since** 4.08

*val max* : **float -> float -> float**

**max x y** returns the maximum of **x** and **y** . It
returns **nan** when **x** or **y** is **nan** . Moreover **max
(-0.) (+0.) = +0.**

**Since** 4.08

*val min_max* : **float -> float -> float *
float**

**min_max x y** is **(min x y, max x y)** , just more
efficient.

**Since** 4.08

*val min_num* : **t -> t -> t**

**min_num x y** returns the minimum of **x** and **y**
treating **nan** as missing values. If both **x** and **y** are
**nan** , **nan** is returned. Moreover **min_num (-0.) (+0.) =
-0.**

**Since** 4.08

*val max_num* : **t -> t -> t**

**max_num x y** returns the maximum of **x** and **y**
treating **nan** as missing values. If both **x** and **y** are
**nan** **nan** is returned. Moreover **max_num (-0.) (+0.) =
+0.**

**Since** 4.08

*val min_max_num* : **float -> float -> float *
float**

**min_max_num x y** is **(min_num x y, max_num x y)** , just
more efficient. Note that in particular **min_max_num x nan = (x, x)**
and **min_max_num nan y = (y, y)** .

**Since** 4.08

*val seeded_hash* : **int -> t -> int**

A seeded hash function for floats, with the same output value as
**Hashtbl.seeded_hash** . This function allows this module to be passed
as argument to the functor **Hashtbl.MakeSeeded** .

**Since** 5.1

*val hash* : **t -> int**

An unseeded hash function for floats, with the same output value
as **Hashtbl.hash** . This function allows this module to be passed as
argument to the functor **Hashtbl.Make** .

*module Array :* **sig end**

Float arrays with packed representation.

*module ArrayLabels :* **sig end**

Float arrays with packed representation (labeled functions).

2023-11-11 | OCamldoc |