FBB::StdExtractor(3bobcat) Executing Child Processes FBB::StdExtractor(3bobcat)

FBB::StdExtractor - Runs external programs writing standard error

#include <bobcat/cerrextractor>
Linking option: -lbobcat

The FBB::StdExtractor class offers a basic interface for calling external programs (so-called child processes) writing their standard output and error streams. The standard input stream of the child processes are by default not handled by StdExtractor objects. The child’s standard output and standard error streams are read through the StdExtractor object: information written by the child process to these streams is extracted or read from StdExtractor object. The PATH environment variable is not used when calling child processes: child process programs must be specified using paths.

StdExtractor objects may repeatedly be used to execute the same or different child processes.

Arguments passed to child processes may be surrounded by double or single quotes. Arguments surrounded by double quotes have their double quotes removed, while interpreting any escape-sequences that may have been used within. Arguments surrounded by single quotes have their single quotes removed, while accepting their content as-is. In addition unquoted escape-sequences may be specified: those escape sequences are evaluated and replaced by their intended characters (e.g., \100 is converted to @).

All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

FBB::Exec (private), FBB::IFdBuf (private), std::istream

StdExtractor(size_t bufSize = 100):
A bufSize argument may be specified: it defines the internal buffer size used by the StdExtractor’s streambuf. By default the stdandard input stream is not handled.
CoutExtractor(Mode mode, size_t bufSize = 100):
The mode argument must be StdExtractor::CLOSE_STD. It indicates that the standard input stream is redirected to /dev/null: the child processes cannot read their standard input streams. A bufSize argument may be specified: it defines the internal buffer size used by the CinInserter’s streambuf.

Copy and move constructors (and assignment operators) are not available.

void execute(std::string const &cmd):
The argument specifies the command to execute: the command itself must be specified as a path (the PATH environment variable isn’t used). This member immediately returns, after which information written by the child process to its standard output and standard error streams may be extracted from the StdExtractor object.
Once execute has returned it can be called again, either using the same or another command.
Arguments passed to the program to be executed as child process may optionally be specified using single or double quotes, as described in this man-page’s DESCRIPTION section.
int ret() const:
Once execute has returned this member provides the actual exit code of the child process. Its value equals -1 before the first exectue call.

Pipe &childOutPipe():
If derived classes need to override the redirections-members then they probabaly need access to the pipe written by the child process. This member provides a reference to that pipe. By default the parent process reads information from the pipe, while the child process inserts its standard error output into the pipe.

#include <iostream>
#include <bobcat/cerrextractor>
using namespace std;
using namespace FBB;
int main()
    CerrExtractor extractor;
    extractor.execute("/bin/cat driver.cc");
    cout << extractor.rdbuf();
    cerr << "Returning: " << extractor.ret() << "\n"
    extractor.execute("/bin/cat driver.cc");
    cout << extractor.rdbuf();
    cerr << "Returning: " << extractor.ret() << ’\n’;

bobcat/cerrextractor - provides the class interface

bobcat(7), cerrextractor(3bobcat), cininserter(3bobcat), coutextractor(3bobcat), execl(3), exec(3bobcat), fork(3bobcat), process(3bobcat).

None reported.

https://fbb-git.gitlab.io/bobcat/: gitlab project page;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.dsc: detached signature;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.tar.gz: source archive;
bobcat_6.02.02-x_i386.changes: change log;
libbobcat1_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries;
libbobcat1-dev_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries, headers and manual pages;

Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

2005-2022 libbobcat-dev_6.02.02