FBB::OSymCryptStream(3bobcat) Symmetric en- and decryption FBB::OSymCryptStream(3bobcat)

FBB::OSymCryptStream - std::ostream performing symmetric en/decryption

#include <bobcat/osymcryptstream>
Linking option: -lbobcat -lcrypto

FBB::OSymCryptStream objects can be used to encrypt or decrypt information, that is available on separate std::istream streams.

The class OSymCryptStream is a class template, using a FBB::CryptType template non-type parameter. Objects of the class FBB::OSymCryptStream<FBB::ENCRYPT> encrypt the information they receive, objects of the class FBB::OSymCryptStream<FBB::DECRYPT> decrypt the information they receive.

All symmetric encryption methods defined by the OpenSSL library that can be selected by name may be used to en/decrypt information. To select a particular encryption method an identifier is passed to the constructor. E.g., "aes-256-gcm". For the currently supported cipher algorithms issue the command

    openssl list -cipher-algorithms

OSymCryptStream objects read the information to en/decrypt from an external source (e.g., from std::istream objects). The characters that are encrypted or decrypted by OSymCryptStream objects are written to std::ostream objects which are at construction-time specified as ostream references or by filename.

All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

FBB::OSymCryptStreambuf (private),

OSymCryptStream<CryptType>(std::ostream &outStream, std::string const &cipherName, std::string const &key, std::string const &iv, size_t inBufSize = 100):
This constructor defines a std::streambuf encrypting or decrypting the characters it receives.
- OSymCryptStream<FBB::ENCRYPT> objects perform encryption;
OSymCryptStream<FBB::DECRYPT> objects perform decryption;
- OSymCryptStream<CryptType> objects write the encrypted or decrypted characters to outStream;
- The encryption method to use is specified by the cipherName parameter. E.g., "AES-256-GCM";
- The symmetric key to use is specified by the key parameter;
- The initialization vector is specified by the iv parameter;
- The FBB::OSymCryptStreambuf internally used buffer will hold inBufSize characters. The default value is the smallest value that is used. When specifying a smaller bufSize value the default value is used;
OSymCryptStream<CryptType>(std::string const &outStreamName, std::string const &cipherName, std::string const &key, std::string const &iv, size_t inBufSize = 100):
Same constructor as the previous one, but this constructor’s first parameter specifies the name of the file to receive the encrypted or decrypted characters.

If the construction fails an exception is thrown, mentioning the openssl function that failed to complete (see also errorMsg below).

The move constructor is available, the copy constructor and assignment operators are not available,

Since the class is publicly derived from std::ostream, all std::ostream members can be used.

static std::string errorMsg():
If an openssl function fails an exception is thrown mentioning the name of the failing function. In those cases the function errorMsg can be called returning a std::string containing the openssl error code (returned by ERR_get_error) and its textual representation (returned by ERR_error_string). If the reported error code is zero, then in fact no error has occurred and the exception was spuriously reported;
static size_t keyLength(std::string const &cipherName):
returns the minimum key length required for cipher cipherName;
static size_t ivLength(std::sting const &cipherName):
returns the minimum length of the initialization vector that is required for cipher cipherName.

The latter two functions throw exceptions if cipherName does not contain the name of a supported cipher algorithm.

std::ostream &FBB::eoi(std::ostream &out):
By inserting the eoi manipulator into an OSymCryptStream object insertion is considered complete. It completes the insertion of information into the std::ostream specified at construction time as the OSymCryptStream’s first argument. That way, you don’t have to wait until the OSymCryptStream object’s destructor flushes that stream. In the following example using the eoi manipulator is illustrated in the (commented out lines near line 40):
    //in.seekg(0);              // when activated, this won’t
    //enc << in.rdbuf();        // be processed due to ’<< eoi’
Activating those lines will not result in processing the in stream twice.

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <string>
#include <bobcat/osymcryptstream>
using namespace std;
using namespace FBB;
int main(int argc, char **argv)
    if (argc == 1)
        cout << "arg[1]: e - encrypt, d - decrypt,\n"
                "arg[2]: file to process, arg[3]: processed file\n";
        return 0;
    string key = "0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef";
    cout << "encryption key ? ";
    cin >> key;
    while (key.size() < 32)
        key += key;
    string iv = " 0123456789ab" "456";
    char cipherName[] =
    ifstream in{ argv[2] };
    ofstream out{ argv[3] };
    if (*argv[1] == ’e’)
        OSymCryptStream<ENCRYPT> enc{ out, cipherName, key, iv, 100 };
            // comment out the above statement and uncomment the next
            // to use the constructor expecting a string as 1st arg:
//      OSymCryptStream<ENCRYPT> enc{ argv[3], cipherName, key, 
//                                    iv, 100 };
        enc << in.rdbuf() << eoi;
        //in.seekg(0);              // when activated, this won’t
        //enc << in.rdbuf();        // be processed due to ’<< eoi’
        OSymCryptStream<DECRYPT> decrypt{ out, cipherName, key, 
                                                           iv, 100 };
            // comment out the above statement and uncomment the next
            // to use the constructor expecting a string as 1st arg:
//      OSymCryptStream<DECRYPT> decrypt{ argv[3], cipherName, key, 
//                                        iv, 100 };
        decrypt << in.rdbuf() << eoi;
catch (exception const &exc)
    cerr << exc.what() << ’\n’;

bobcat/osymcryptstream - defines the class interface

bobcat(7), isymcryptstream(3bobcat), isymcryptstreambuf(3bobcat), osymcryptstreambuf(3bobcat)

None Reported.

https://fbb-git.gitlab.io/bobcat/: gitlab project page;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.dsc: detached signature;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.tar.gz: source archive;
bobcat_6.02.02-x_i386.changes: change log;
libbobcat1_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries;
libbobcat1-dev_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries, headers and manual pages;

Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

2005-2022 libbobcat-dev_6.02.02