FBB::CmdFinder(3bobcat) Command-function associations FBB::CmdFinder(3bobcat)

FBB::CmdFinder - Determine (member) function associated with a command

#include <bobcat/cmdfinder>
Linking option: -lbobcat

Objects of the class CmdFinder determine which (member) function to call given a command. Although associations between commands and (member) functions are often defined in a switch, a switch is not the preferred way to define these associations because of the fect that the maintainability and clarity of switches suffer for even moderately large command sets. Moreover, the switch is hardly ever self-supporting, since usually some command-processing is required to determine command/case-value associations.

The alternative (and preferred) approach, which is also taken by CmdFinder is to define an array of pointers to (member) functions, and to define the associations between commands and member functions as a mapping of commands to array indices. Plain associations between (textual) commands and functions to be called can also easily be defined using a std::map or other hash-type data structure. However, the syntactical requirements for such a std::map structure are non-trivial, and besides: user-entered commands often require some preprocessing before a command can be used as an index in a std::map.

The class CmdFinder is an attempt to offer a versatile implementation of associations between commands and (member) functions. In particular, the class offers the following features:

Associations between textual commands and (member) functions are defined in a simple array of pairs: the first element defining a command, the second element containing the address of the function associated with the command. The function addresses may either be addresses of free or static member functions or they may be defined as member function addresses.
Commands may be used `as-is’, or the first word in a std::string may be used as the command;
Commands may be specified case sensitively or case insensitively;
Commands may have to be specified in full, or unique abbreviations of the commands may be accepted;
Several types are defined by the class CmdFinder, further simplifying the deriviation of classes from CmdFinder.

The class CmdFinder itself is defined as a template class. This template class should be used as a base class of a user-defined derived class defining the array of command-function associations. The class CmdFinder itself is a derived class of the class CmdFinderBase, defining some template-independent functionality that is used by CmdFinder. The enumeration and member functions sections below also contain the members that are available to classes derived from CmdFinder, but which are actually defined in the class CmdFinderBase.

FBB
All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

FBB::CmdFinderBase

The enumeration Mode is defined in the class CmdFinderBase. It contains the following values, which may be combined by the bit_or operator to specify the CmdFinder object’s required mode of operation:

USE_FIRST:
This value can be specified when the first word (any white-space separated series of characters) of a provided textual command should be used as the command to find. Both the command that is used and any trailing information that may be present can be obtained from the CmdFinder object. By default, the complete content of the a provided command is used.
UNIQUE:
This value can be specified when any unique abbreviation of a command may be accepted. Assuming that the commands help and version are defined, then the following (non-exhaustive) series are all accepted as specifications of the help command if UNIQUE is specified: h, he, el, p. By default the command must match a command-key as found in the array of command-function associations exactly.
INSENSITIVE:
When this value is specified, commands may be specified disregarding letter-casing. E.g., when INSENSITIVE is specified, both Help and HELP are recognized as help. By default, letter casing is obeyed. So, by default a full, literal match between provided command and predefined command-keys is required.

The template class CmdFinder has one template type parameter, which is the prototype of the functions defined in the array of command-function associations. This type becomes available as the typename FunctionPtr (defined by the class CmdFinder in the class that is derived from CmdFinder).

The following (protected) types are defined by the template class CmdFinder:

FunctionPtr:
This type represents a pointer to the functions whose addresses are stored in the array of command-function associations.
Entry:
This type represents the type std::pair<char const *, FunctionPtr>. Its first field is the name of a command, its second field is the function address associated with the command name.

CmdFinder<FunctionPtr>(Entry const *begin, Entry const *end, size_t mode = 0):
This constructor is defined in the protected section of the CmdFinder class. Its parameters begin and end define the half-open range of Entry objects, defining the associations between commands and functions. The parameter begin should be initialized to the first element of an array of Entry objects, the parameter end must point just beyond the last element of the array. The parameter mode may be speified using any combination of values of the Mode enumeration, using the bit_or operator to combine multiple values. When a non-supported value is specified for mode, an FBB::Exception exception is thrown.
Note:
There is no default constructor.

Copy and move constructors (and assignment operators) are available.

setMode(size_t mode):
This member function (defined in the class CmdFinderBase) may be called to redefine the mode of the CmdFinder object. The mode parameter should be initialized subject to the same restrictions as mentioned with the CmdFinder’s constructor.

std::string const &beyond() const:
This member function returns the text that may have been entered beyond the command (if Mode value USE_FIRST was specified). It is empty if no text beyond the command was encountered. It is initially empty, and will be redefined at each call of findCmd() (see below).
std::string const &cmd() const:
This member returns the original (untransformed) command as encountered by the CmdFinder object. It is initially empty, and will be redefined at each call of findCmd() (see below). object.
size_t count() const:
This member function returns the number of commands matching the command that is passed to the function findCmd() (see below). Its return value is 0 when findCmd() hasn’t been called yet and is updated at each new call of findCmd().
FunctionPtr findCmd(std::string const &cmd):
Regarding the CmdFinder object’s mode setting, this function returns the address of the function to call given the provided command. By default, if no match was found, the address of the function stored in the last element of the array of command-function associations is returned (i.e, element end[-1]).
void swap(CmdFinderBase &other):
The current and other object are swapped.

The class CmdFinder has access to some protected data members of the class CmdFinderBase, which should not be used or modified by classes derived from CmdFinder.

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <bobcat/cmdfinder>
using namespace std;
using namespace FBB;
// Define a class `Command’ in which the array s_action defines the
// command-function associations. Command is derived from CmdFinder,
// specifying the prototype of the member functions to be called
class Command: public CmdFinder<bool (Command::*)() const>
{
    static Entry s_action[];
    bool add() const                       // some member functions
    {
        cout << "add called: command was `" << cmd() << "’\n";
        if (beyond().length())
            cout << "Beyond " << cmd() << " `" << beyond() << "’\n";
        return true;
    }
    bool error() const
    {
        cout << "unrecognized command: `" << cmd() << "’ called\n" <<
                count() << " matching alternatives found\n";
        return true;
    }
    bool quit() const
    {
        cout << "quit called: quitting this series\n";
        return false;
    }
    public:
        Command();                      // Declare the default constructor
        bool run(std::string const &cmd)    // run a command
        {
            return (this->*findCmd(cmd))(); // execute the command matching
                                            // ’cmd’
        }
};
// Define command-function associations. Note that the last is given an empty
// command-text. This is not required, a command text could have been
// specified for the last command as well.
Command::Entry Command::s_action[] =
{
    Entry("add",    &Command::add),
    Entry("quit",   &Command::quit),
    Entry("",       &Command::error),
};
// Define the default constructor
Command::Command()                       // Define the default constructor
:                               // Note the use of `FunctionPtr’
    CmdFinder<FunctionPtr>(s_action, s_action +
                                    sizeof(s_action) / sizeof(Entry))
{}
void run(Command &cmd, char const *descr, size_t mode = 0)
{
    if (mode)
        cmd.setMode(mode);
    cout << "Enter 5 x a command using " << descr << ".\n";
    for (size_t idx = 0; idx++ < 5; )
    {
        cout << "Enter command " << idx << ": ";
        string text;
        getline(cin, text);
        if (!cmd.run(text))     // run a command
            break;
    }
}
int main()
{
    Command cmd;                // define a command
                                // enter 5 commands using the default mode
    run (cmd, "the default mode");
    run (cmd, "abbreviated commands", Command::UNIQUE);
    run (cmd, "abbreviated case-insensitive commands",
                                   Command::UNIQUE | Command::INSENSITIVE);
    run (cmd, "abbreviated command lines",
                                   Command::USE_FIRST | Command::UNIQUE);
    run (cmd, "abbreviated case-insensitive command lines",
                                   Command::USE_FIRST | Command::UNIQUE |
                                                        Command::INSENSITIVE);
}

bobcat/cmdfinder - defines the class interface
bobcat/cmdfinderbase - defines the base class of CmdFinder.

bobcat(7), cmdfinderbase(3bobcat), exception(3bobcat)

None Reported.

https://fbb-git.gitlab.io/bobcat/: gitlab project page;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.dsc: detached signature;
bobcat_6.02.02-x.tar.gz: source archive;
bobcat_6.02.02-x_i386.changes: change log;
libbobcat1_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries;
libbobcat1-dev_6.02.02-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries, headers and manual pages;

Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

2005-2022 libbobcat-dev_6.02.02