COS(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual COS(3P)
PROLOG
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding
Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
not be implemented on Linux.
NAME
cos, cosf, cosl -- cosine function
SYNOPSIS
#include
double cos(double x);
float cosf(float x);
long double cosl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the
ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here
and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017
defers to the ISO C standard.
These functions shall compute the cosine of their argument x, measured
in radians.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno
to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these
functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID |
FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has
occurred.
RETURN VALUE
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the cosine of
x.
If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is +-0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.
If x is +-Inf, a domain error shall occur, and a NaN shall be returned.
ERRORS
These functions shall fail if:
Domain Error
The x argument is +-Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO)
is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the
integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is
non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall
be raised.
The following sections are informative.
EXAMPLES
Taking the Cosine of a 45-Degree Angle
#include
...
double radians = 45 * M_PI / 180;
double result;
...
result = cos(radians);
APPLICATION USAGE
These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near an odd
multiple of /2 or is far from 0.
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and
(math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but
at least one of them must be non-zero.
RATIONALE
None.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS
None.
SEE ALSO
acos(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), sin(), tan()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017, Section 4.20, Treatment of
Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions,
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology --
Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the
original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The
Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can
be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
files to man page format. To report such errors, see
https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .
IEEE/The Open Group 2017 COS(3P)