UCLAMPSET(1) User Commands UCLAMPSET(1)

uclampset - manipulate the utilization clamping attributes of the system or a process

uclampset [options] [-m uclamp_min] [-M uclamp_max] _command argument

uclampset [options] [-m uclamp_min] [-M uclamp_max] -p PID

uclampset sets or retrieves the utilization clamping attributes of an existing PID, or runs command with the given attributes.

Utilization clamping is a new feature added in v5.3. It gives a hint to the scheduler about the allowed range of utilization the task should be operating at.

The utilization of the task affects frequency selection and task placement. Only schedutil cpufreq governor understands handling util clamp hints at the time of writing. Consult your kernel docs for further info about other cpufreq governors support.

If you’re running on asymmetric heterogeneous system like Arm’s big.LITTLE. Utilization clamping can help bias task placement. If the task is boosted such that util_min value is higher than the little cores' capacity, then the scheduler will do its best to place it on a big core.

Similarly, if util_max is smaller than or equal the capacity of the little cores, then the scheduler can still choose to place it there even if the actual utilization of the task is at max.

Setting a task’s uclamp_min to a none zero value will effectively boost the task as when it runs it’ll always start from this utilization value.

By setting a task’s uclamp_max below 1024, this will effectively cap the task as when it runs it’ll never be able to go above this utilization value.

The full utilization range is: [0:1024]. The special value -1 is used to reset to system’s default.

-m
Set util_min value.

-M

Set util_max value.

-a, --all-tasks

Set or retrieve the utilization clamping attributes of all the tasks (threads) for a given PID.

-p, --pid

Operate on an existing PID and do not launch a new task.

-s, --system

Set or retrieve the system-wide utilization clamping attributes.

-R, --reset-on-fork

Set SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK flag.

-v, --verbose

Show status information.

-V, --version

Display version information and exit.

-h, --help

Display help text and exit.

The default behavior is to run a new command:
uclampset [-m uclamp_min] [-M uclamp_max] command [arguments]

You can also retrieve the utilization clamping attributes of an existing task:

uclampset -p PID

Or set them:

uclampset -p PID [-m uclamp_min] [-M uclamp_max]

Or control the system-wide attributes:

uclampset -s [-m uclamp_min] [-M uclamp_max]

A user must possess CAP_SYS_NICE to change the scheduling attributes of a process. Any user can retrieve the scheduling information.

The system wide utilization clamp attributes are there to control the allowed range the tasks can use. By default both uclamp_min and uclamp_max are set to 1024. This means users can set the utilization clamp values for their task across the full range [0:1024].

For example:

uclampset -s -m 512 -M 700

will prevent any task from being boosted higher than 512. And all tasks in the systems are capped to a utilization of 700. Effectively rendering the maximum performance of the system to 700.

Consult your kernel docs for the exact expected behavior on that kernel.

Qais Yousef <qais.yousef@arm.com>

nice(1), renice(1), taskset(1), sched(7)

See sched_setscheduler(2) and sched_setattr(2) for a description of the Linux scheduling scheme.

For bug reports, use the issue tracker at https://github.com/karelzak/util-linux/issues.

The uclampset command is part of the util-linux package which can be downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.
2021-06-02 util-linux 2.37.2