|NFS.SYSTEMD(7)||Miscellaneous Information Manual||NFS.SYSTEMD(7)|
nfs.systemd - managing NFS services through systemd.
The nfs-utils package provides a suite of systemd unit files which allow the various services to be started and managed. These unit files ensure that the services are started in the correct order, and the prerequisites are active before dependant services start. As there are quite few unit files, it is not immediately obvious how best to achieve certain results. The following subsections attempt to cover the issues that are most likely to come up.
The standard systemd unit files do not provide any easy way to pass any command line arguments to daemons so as to configure their behavior. In many case such configuration can be performed by making changes to /etc/nfs.conf or other configuration files. When that is not convenient, a distribution might provide systemd "drop-in" files which replace the ExecStart= setting to start the program with different arguments. For example a drop-in file systemd/system/nfs-mountd.service.d/local.conf containing
[Service] EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/nfs ExecStart= ExecStart= /usr/sbin/rpc.mountd $RPCMOUNTDOPTS
There are three unit files which are designed to be manually enabled. All others are automatically run as required. The three are:
- This should be enabled on any host which ever serves as an NFS client. There is little cost in transparently enabling it whenever NFS client software is installed.
- This must be enabled to provide NFS service to clients. It starts and configures the required daemons in the required order.
- The blkmapd daemon is only required on NFS clients which are using pNFS (parallel NFS), and particularly using the blocklayout layout protocol. If you might use this particular extension to NFS, the nfs-blkmap.service unit should be enabled.
Several other units which might be considered to be optional, such as rpc-gssd.service are careful to only start if the required configuration file exists. rpc-gssd.service will not start if the krb5.keytab file does not exist (typically in /etc).
Most NFS daemons can be restarted at any time. They will reload any state that they need, and continue servicing requests. This is rarely necessary though.
When configuration changesare make, it can be hard to know exactly which services need to be restarted to ensure that the configuration takes effect. The simplest approach, which is often the best, is to restart everything. To help with this, the nfs-utils.service unit is provided. It declares appropriate dependencies with other unit files so that
Rarely there may be a desire to prohibit some services from running even though there are normally part of a working NFS system. This may be needed to reduce system load to an absolute minimum, or to reduce attack surface by not running daemons that are not absolutely required.
Three particular services which this can apply to are rpcbind, idmapd, and rpc-gssd. rpcbind is not part of the nfs-utils package, but it used by several NFS services. However it is not needed when only NFSv4 is in use. If a site will never use NFSv3 (or NFSv2) and does not want rpcbind to be running, the correct approach is to run
idmapd is only needed for NFSv4, and even then is not needed when the client and server agree to use user-ids rather than user-names to identify the owners of files. If idmapd is not needed and not wanted, it can be masked with