NGETTEXT(1) User Commands NGETTEXT(1)

ngettext - translate message and choose plural form


The ngettext program translates a natural language message into the user's language, by looking up the translation in a message catalog, and chooses the appropriate plural form, which depends on the number COUNT and the language of the message catalog where the translation was found.

Display native language translation of a textual message whose grammatical form depends on a number.

retrieve translated message from TEXTDOMAIN
specify context for MSGID
enable expansion of some escape sequences
(ignored for compatibility)
retrieve translated message from TEXTDOMAIN
translate MSGID (singular) / MSGID-PLURAL (plural)
choose singular/plural form based on this value

display this help and exit
display version information and exit

If the TEXTDOMAIN parameter is not given, the domain is determined from the environment variable TEXTDOMAIN. If the message catalog is not found in the regular directory, another location can be specified with the environment variable TEXTDOMAINDIR. Standard search directory: /usr/share/locale

Written by Ulrich Drepper.

Report bugs in the bug tracker at or by email to <>.

Copyright © 1995-1997, 2000-2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

The full documentation for ngettext is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and ngettext programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info ngettext

should give you access to the complete manual.

February 2024 GNU gettext-runtime 0.22.5