ZCASHD(1) User Commands ZCASHD(1)

zcashd - manual page for zcashd v5.3.0

Zcash Daemon version v5.3.0

In order to ensure you are adequately protecting your privacy when using Zcash, please see https://z.cash/support/security/.

Start Zcash Daemon


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Receive and display P2P network alerts (default: 1)


Execute command when a relevant alert is received or we see a really long fork (%s in cmd is replaced by message)


Explicitly allow the use of the specified deprecated feature. Multiple instances of this parameter are permitted; values for <feature> must be selected from among {"none", "addrtype", "getnewaddress", "getrawchangeaddress", "legacy_privacy", "wallettxvjoinsplit", "z_getbalance", "z_getnewaddress", "z_gettotalbalance", "z_listaddresses", "dumpwallet", "zcrawjoinsplit", "zcrawkeygen", "zcrawreceive"}


Execute command when the best block changes (%s in cmd is replaced by block hash)


How many blocks to check at startup (default: 288, 0 = all)


How thorough the block verification of -checkblocks is (0-4, default: 3)


Specify configuration file (default: zcash.conf)


Run in the background as a daemon and accept commands


Specify data directory (this path cannot use '~')


Specify Zcash network parameters directory


Set database cache size in megabytes (4 to 16384, default: 450)


Specify location of debug log file: this can be an absolute path or a path relative to the data directory (default: debug.log)


Specify directory to be used when exporting data


Skip transaction verification during initial block download up to the last checkpoint height. Incompatible with flags that disable checkpoints. (default = 0)


Imports blocks from external blk000??.dat file on startup


Keep at most <n> unconnectable transactions in memory (default: 100)


Set the number of script verification threads (-8 to 16, 0 = auto, <0 = leave that many cores free, default: 0)


Specify pid file (default: zcashd.pid)


Reduce storage requirements by pruning (deleting) old blocks. This mode disables wallet support and is incompatible with -txindex. Warning: Reverting this setting requires re-downloading the entire blockchain. (default: 0 = disable pruning blocks, >550 = target size in MiB to use for block files)


Rebuild chain state from the currently indexed blocks (implies -rescan)


Rebuild chain state and block index from the blk*.dat files on disk (implies -rescan)


Create new files with system default permissions, instead of umask 077 (only effective with disabled wallet functionality)


Execute command when transaction expires (%s in cmd is replaced by transaction id)


Maintain a full transaction index, used by the getrawtransaction rpc call (default: 0)

Connection options:


Add a node to connect to and attempt to keep the connection open


Threshold for disconnecting misbehaving peers (default: 100)


Number of seconds to keep misbehaving peers from reconnecting (default: 86400)


Bind to given address and always listen on it. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6


Connect only to the specified node(s); -noconnect or -connect=0 alone to disable automatic connections


Discover own IP addresses (default: 1 when listening and no -externalip or -proxy)


Allow DNS lookups for -addnode, -seednode and -connect (default: 1)


Query for peer addresses via DNS lookup, if low on addresses (default: 1 unless -connect/-noconnect)


Specify your own public address


Always query for peer addresses via DNS lookup (default: 0)


Accept connections from outside (default: 1 if no -proxy or -connect/-noconnect)


Automatically create Tor hidden service (default: 1)


Maintain at most <n> connections to peers (default: 125)


Maximum per-connection receive buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 5000)


Maximum per-connection send buffer, <n>*1000 bytes (default: 1000)


The number of minutes before allowing rejected transactions to re-enter the mempool. (default: 60)


An upper bound on the maximum size in bytes of all transactions in the mempool. (default: 80000000)


Use separate SOCKS5 proxy to reach peers via Tor hidden services (default: -proxy)


Only connect to nodes in network <net> (ipv4, ipv6 or onion)


Relay non-P2SH multisig (default: 1)


Support filtering of blocks and transaction with bloom filters (default: 1)


Listen for connections on <port> (default: 8233 or testnet: 18233)


Connect through SOCKS5 proxy


Randomize credentials for every proxy connection. This enables Tor stream isolation (default: 1)


Connect to a node to retrieve peer addresses, and disconnect


Specify connection timeout in milliseconds (minimum: 1, default: 5000)


Tor control port to use if onion listening enabled (default:


Tor control port password (default: empty)


Bind to given address and whitelist peers connecting to it. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6


Whitelist peers connecting from the given netmask or IP address. Can be specified multiple times. Whitelisted peers cannot be DoS banned and their transactions are always relayed, even if they are already in the mempool, useful e.g. for a gateway


Accept relayed transactions received from whitelisted inbound peers even when not relaying transactions (default: 1)


Force relay of transactions from whitelisted inbound peers even they violate local relay policy (default: 1)


Tries to keep outbound traffic under the given target (in MiB per 24h), 0 = no limit (default: 0)

Wallet options:


Do not load the wallet and disable wallet RPC calls


Set key pool size to <n> (default: 100)


Enable the Sprout to Sapling migration


Set the Sapling migration address


Fees (in ZEC/kB) smaller than this are considered zero fee for transaction creation (default: 0.00001)


Set the maximum number of Orchard actions permitted in a transaction (default 50)


Fee (in ZEC/kB) to add to transactions you send (default: 0.00)


Rescan the block chain for missing wallet transactions on startup


Attempt to recover private keys from a corrupt wallet on startup (implies -rescan)


Send transactions as zero-fee transactions if possible (default: 0)


Spend unconfirmed change when sending transactions (default: 1)


If paytxfee is not set, include enough fee so transactions begin confirmation on average within n blocks (default: 2)


Set the number of blocks after which a transaction that has not been mined will become invalid (min: 4, default: 20 (pre-Blossom) or 40 (post-Blossom))


Upgrade wallet to latest format on startup


Specify wallet file absolute path or a path relative to the data directory (default: wallet.dat)


Make the wallet broadcast transactions (default: 1)


Execute command when a wallet transaction changes (%s in cmd is replaced by TxID)


Delete all wallet transactions and only recover those parts of the blockchain through -rescan on startup (1 = keep tx meta data e.g. account owner and payment request information, 2 = drop tx meta data)


By default, the wallet will not allow generation of new spending keys & addresses from the mnemonic seed until the backup of that seed has been confirmed with the `zcashd-wallet-tool` utility. A user may start zcashd with `-walletrequirebackup=false` to allow generation of spending keys even if the backup has not yet been confirmed.

ZeroMQ notification options:


Enable publish hash block in <address>


Enable publish hash transaction in <address>


Enable publish raw block in <address>


Enable publish raw transaction in <address>

Monitoring options:


Allow metrics connections from specified source. Valid for <ip> are a single IP (e.g., a network/netmask (e.g. or a network/CIDR (e.g. This option can be specified multiple times. (default: only localhost)


Bind to given address to listen for metrics connections. (default: bind to all interfaces)


Expose node metrics in the Prometheus exposition format. An HTTP listener will be started on <port>, which responds to GET requests on any request path. Use -metricsallowip and -metricsbind to control access.

Debugging/Testing options:


Output debugging information (default: 0, supplying <category> is optional). If <category> is not supplied or if <category> = 1, output all debugging information. <category> can be: addrman, alert, bench, coindb, db, estimatefee, http, libevent, lock, mempool, mempoolrej, net, partitioncheck, pow, proxy, prune, rand, receiveunsafe, reindex, rpc, selectcoins, tor, zmq, zrpc, zrpcunsafe (implies zrpc). For multiple specific categories use -debug=<category> multiple times.


Enable use of experimental features


Show all debugging options (usage: --help -help-debug)


Include IP addresses in debug output (default: 0)


Prepend debug output with timestamp (default: 1)


Fees (in ZEC/kB) smaller than this are considered zero fee for relaying, mining and transaction creation (default: 0.000001)


Maximum total fees (in ZEC) to use in a single wallet transaction or raw transaction; setting this too low may abort large transactions (default: 0.10)


Send trace/debug info to console instead of the debug log

Chain selection options:


Use the test chain

Node relay options:


Relay and mine data carrier transactions (default: 1)


Maximum size of data in data carrier transactions we relay and mine (default: 83)

Block creation options:


Set minimum block size in bytes (default: 0)


Set maximum block size in bytes (default: 2000000)


Set maximum size of high-priority/low-fee transactions in bytes (default: 1000000)

Mining options:


Generate coins (default: 0)


Set the number of threads for coin generation if enabled (-1 = all cores, default: 1)


Specify the Equihash solver to be used if enabled (default: "default")


Send mined coins to a specific single address


Require that mined blocks use a coinbase address in the local wallet (default: 1)

RPC server options:


Accept command line and JSON-RPC commands


Accept public REST requests (default: 0)


Bind to given address to listen for JSON-RPC connections. Use [host]:port notation for IPv6. This option can be specified multiple times (default: bind to all interfaces)


Username for JSON-RPC connections


Password for JSON-RPC connections


Username and hashed password for JSON-RPC connections. The field <userpw> comes in the format: <USERNAME>:<SALT>$<HASH>. A canonical python script is included in share/rpcuser. This option can be specified multiple times


Listen for JSON-RPC connections on <port> (default: 8232 or testnet: 18232)


Allow JSON-RPC connections from specified source. Valid for <ip> are a single IP (e.g., a network/netmask (e.g. or a network/CIDR (e.g. This option can be specified multiple times


Set the number of threads to service RPC calls (default: 4)

Metrics Options (only if -daemon and -printtoconsole are not set):


Show metrics on stdout (default: 1 if running in a console, 0 otherwise)


Set to 1 for a persistent metrics screen, 0 for sequential metrics output (default: 1 if running in a console, 0 otherwise)


Number of seconds between metrics refreshes (default: 1 if running in a console, 600 otherwise)

Compatibility options:


Preferentially create transactions having the specified version when possible (default: 4)

In order to ensure you are adequately protecting your privacy when using Zcash, please see https://z.cash/support/security/.

Copyright (C) 2009-2022 The Bitcoin Core Developers Copyright (C) 2015-2022 The Zcash Developers

This is experimental software.

Distributed under the MIT software license, see the accompanying file COPYING or https://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php.

October 2022 zcashd v5.3.0