xsbuilder.osc2002(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation xsbuilder.osc2002(3)

O'Reilly OpenSource Convention 2002

Gerald Richter

ecos gmbh

http://www.ecos.de

For example changes in the memory management of strings.

Most code is developed by Doug MacEachern. Additionaly I have
abstracted the code from mod_perl so it's useable for any C code
added new features like callbacks and the ability to parse comments
Replaced C::Scan with a Parse::RecDescent to be platform and compiler independend

Goal is to replace the current mod_perl XS generation code with XSBuilder

Inline: embed C-Code into Perl
XSBuilder: Create interface for existing C-libraries/applicationen

The function can be assigned to different packages, also automaticly by inspecting the first parameter

Every element of structure becomes a Perl method to get/set it's value. The object can be either a scalar reference (used by mod_perl) or a reference to a hash (use by Embperl), which allows to store extra data by the Perl code into this hash.

There several sorts of callback, not all are implemented right now

Coming soon...

Extract
Functions, their arguments and return types
Structures and it's members
Constants
Callbacks

and create four tables which contains the results

Input is
The source tables
Mapfiles which contains the mapping from C to Perl
Addtional C and Perl code that can be used to customize the interface

Output is

The XS files (one form every generated class)
Makefile.PL for every class
pm files

package Apache::DAV::ParseSource;

use strict;
use vars qw{@ISA $VERSION} ;
use ExtUtils::XSBuilder::ParseSource  ;

@ISA = ('ExtUtils::XSBuilder::ParseSource') ;
$VERSION = '0.01';

my $dav_dir = 'C:\perl\msrc\cvs\mod_dav' ;
my $ap_dir  = 'c:\programme\apache group\apache' ;

# ============================================================================
sub find_includes {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{includes} if $self->{includes};
    my @includes = ("$ap_dir/include/ap_alloc.h", "$dav_dir/mod_dav.h") ;
    return $self->{includes} = $self -> sort_includes (\@includes) ;
    }

# ============================================================================
sub package     { 'Apache::DAV' } 

# ============================================================================
sub preprocess {
    my $self     = shift ;
    $_[0] =~ s/(?:API_EXPORT)(?:_NONSTD)?\s*\(\s*(.*?)\s*\)/$1/g ;
}


1;

use FindBin ;
use lib ($FindBin::Bin) ;

require ParseSource ; 

Apache::DAV::ParseSource -> run ;

C:\perl\msrc\davint>perl xsbuilder\source_scan.pl
Will use mod_dav in C:\perl\msrc\cvs\mod_dav
Will use Apache in c:\programme\apache group\apache
Initialize parser
scan c:\programme\apache group\apache/include/ap_alloc.h ...
constant: APACHE_ALLOC_H
func:     ap_init_alloc
func:     ap_cleanup_alloc
func:     ap_make_sub_pool
func:     ap_destroy_pool
constant: ap_pool_join
func:     ap_pool_join
func:     ap_find_pool
func:     ap_pool_is_ancestor
func:     ap_clear_pool
func:     ap_cleanup_for_exec
func:     ap_palloc
func:     ap_pcalloc
func:     ap_pstrdup
func:     ap_pstrndup
func:     ap_pstrcat
func:     ap_pvsprintf
  valuefield: ap_pool * : pool
  valuefield: int : elt_size
  valuefield: int : nelts
  valuefield: int : nalloc
  valuefield: char * : elts
struct:    (type=array_header)
...

xsbuilder/tables/Apache/DAV/FuntionTable.pm
Contains all function, it arguments and comments
xsbuilder/tables/Apache/DAV/ConstantTable.pm
Contains all constants
xsbuilder/tables/Apache/DAV/StructureTable.pm
Contains all structures, it's members and their comments
xsbuilder/tables/Apache/DAV/CallbackTable.pm
Contains all callback function definitions

package Apache::DAV::WrapXS ;
use strict;
use vars qw{@ISA $VERSION} ;

use ExtUtils::XSBuilder::WrapXS ;

@ISA = ('ExtUtils::XSBuilder::WrapXS') ;
$VERSION = '0.01';

# ============================================================================
sub new_parsesource  { [ Apache::DAV::ParseSource->new ] }

# ============================================================================
sub my_xs_prefix  { 'davxs_' }

# ============================================================================
sub h_filename_prefix  { 'moddav_xs_' }

# ============================================================================
sub xs_includes {
    my $self = shift ;
    my $i = $self -> SUPER::xs_includes ;
    my @i = grep (!/ap_alloc/, @$i) ;
    return \@i ;
}

use FindBin ;
use lib ($FindBin::Bin) ;

require ParseSource ; 
require WrapXS ; 

Apache::DAV::WrapXS->checkmaps (' ');

C:\perl\msrc\davint>perl xsbuilder\xs_check.pl
Will use mod_dav in C:\perl\msrc\cvs\mod_dav
Will use Apache in c:\programme\apache group\apache
Parse xsbuilder\maps/_types.map...
WARNING: No *_function.map file found in xsbuilder\maps
WARNING: No *_callback.map file found in xsbuilder\maps
WARNING: No *_structure.map file found in xsbuilder\maps
Write xsbuilder\maps/new_function.map...
Write xsbuilder\maps/new_callback.map...
Write xsbuilder\maps/new_structure.map...
Write xsbuilder\maps/new_type.map...

new_types.map
Contains the mapping from C type to Perl classes
new_functions.map
Contains the mapping form C functions to Perl functions. Can be used to reorder arguments, tell XSBuilder which arguments are actualy return values and in which Perl package the function will be created.
new_structures.map
Contains the mapping from C structures to Perl classes and defines for which members a access methods should be created. You can also specify if you want a "new" method for the class.
new_callbacks.map
Contains the mapping form C callback functions to Perl callback functions. Can be used to reorder arguments, tell XSBuilder which arguments are actualy return values and in which Perl package the function will be created.

It's a good idea to rename the prefix from "new_" to something unique, here we use "dav"

Everytime you rerun checkmaps, XSBuilder will create new_* files with the items that are not already part of the other maps.

DIR |
FILE        |
HANDLE      |
array_header        |
dav_buffer  |
dav_dyn_context     |
dav_dyn_hooks       |
dav_dyn_module      |
dav_dyn_provider    |
dav_error   |
dav_get_props_result        |
dav_hooks_liveprop  |
dav_hooks_locks     |
dav_hooks_repository        |
dav_if_header       |
dav_if_state_type   |
...

struct array_header         | Apache::Array
struct dav_buffer           |
struct dav_datum            | Apache::DAV::Datum
struct dav_dyn_context      | Apache::DAV::DynContext
struct dav_dyn_hooks        | Apache::DAV::DynHooks
struct dav_dyn_module       | Apache::DAV::DynModule
struct dav_dyn_provider     | Apache::DAV::DynProvider
struct dav_error            | Apache::DAV::Error
struct dav_get_props_result | Apache::DAV::PropsResult
struct dav_hooks_db         | Apache::DAV::HooksDb
struct dav_hooks_liveprop   | Apache::DAV::HooksLiveprop
struct dav_hooks_locks      | Apache::DAV::HooksLocks
struct dav_hooks_repository | Apache::DAV::HooksRepository
struct dav_hooks_vsn        | 
struct dav_if_header        | Apache::DAV::IfHeader
struct dav_if_state_list    | Apache::DAV::StateList
...
struct pool                 | Apache::Pool
struct request_rec          | Apache::
struct server_rec           | Apache::Server
...

Defines the mapping from C datatypes to Perl datatypes and classes and tells XSBuilder which datatype are (like) structures

Function map defines the mapping from C functions arguments to Perl arguments
Tell XSBuilder where to place functions and which prefix to strip
MODULE=Apache::DAV   PACKAGE=guess  PREFIX=dav_
Simple entries in the function map will be mapped 1:1 from C to Perl
 dav_add_response
 dav_buffer_append
 dav_buffer_init
 dav_buffer_place
 dav_buffer_place_mem
 dav_check_bufsize
 dav_close_propdb
 dav_collect_liveprop_uris
 dav_dyn_module_add
 dav_empty_elem
...
The following map file entry tells XSBuilder that the value of "res_p" should be returned
dav_get_resource           | | r, <res_p

The C function

int dav_get_resource(request_rec *r, dav_resource **res_p) ;

How to call it from Perl

# get a sub request of the actual document
$subr = $r -> lookup_uri($uri);

# get a mod_dav resource object
my ($err, $resource) =  $subr->get_resource;
You can let XSBuilder insert your custom code, for the interface
If you call "get_props" from Perl "glue_dav_get_props" will be called, which can adjust the arguments and return types as necessary. The actual code for "glue_dav_get_props" will be taken from separate include file.

dav_get_props      | glue_
dav_get_allprops   | glue_

xsinclude\Apache\DAV\PropResult\Apache__DAV__PropResults.h

dav_get_props_result * dav_glue_get_props(dav_propdb * db, dav_xml_doc *doc)
    {
    dav_get_props_result * result = (dav_get_props_result *)ap_palloc (db -> p, sizeof (dav_get_props_result)) ;
    *result = dav_get_props(db, doc) ;
    return result ;
    }
Arguments can be replaced
MODULE=Apache::Array   PACKAGE=Apache::Array PREFIX=ap_

 ap_make_array      | ap_make_array(r->pool, nelts, elt_size) | request_rec *:r, nelts, elt_size

ap_make_array requires a pool a it's first parameter, we pass the request_rec from Perl and XSBuilder will take the pool from the request_rec.

MALLOC=strdup:$dest = ($type)strdup($src)
FREE=strdup:free($src)

<dav_xml_elem>
  name
  ns
  lang
  first_cdata
  following_cdata
  parent
  next
  first_child
  attr
  last_child
  ns_scope
  propid
  provider
  ns_map
  new
</dav_xml_elem>

MALLOC=strdup:$dest = ($type)ap_pstrdup(obj -> pool, $src)

<array_header>
  pool
  elt_size
  nelts
  nalloc
  elts
  private
</array_header>

$setprop = Apache::DAV::XMLElem -> new ({name => 'prop'}) ;
$elem    = Apache::DAV::XMLElem -> new ({name => $name, ns => $namespaces}) ; 
$setprop -> first_child($elem) ;
$first = $setprop -> first_child ;

From _types.map,which conatins a set of standard types

int             | IV
int *           | UNDEFINED
unsigned int    | UV
signed int      | IV
long            | IV
long int        | IV
unsigned long   | UV
unsigned        | UV

char *                   | PV           | | | strdup
const char *             | PV           | | | strdup
const char **            | UNDEFINED    
char const *             | PV           | | | strdup
unsigned char *          | PV           | | | strdup
const unsigned char *    | PV           | | | strdup
...

Callback maps have the same options a function maps

# dav_hooks_db -> open

 dav_error *(*)(pool * p,const dav_resource * resource,int ro,dav_db * * pdb)  | p, resource, ro=0, <pdb 


# dav_hooks_lock -> has_locks

 dav_error *(*)(dav_lockdb * lockdb,const dav_resource * resource,int * locks_present)

use FindBin ;
use lib ($FindBin::Bin) ;

require ParseSource ; 
require WrapXS ; 

Apache::DAV::WrapXS->run;

C:\perl\msrc\davint>perl xsbuilder\xs_generate.pl
Will use mod_dav in C:\perl\msrc\cvs\mod_dav
Will use Apache in c:\programme\apache group\apache
Parse xsbuilder\maps/_types.map...
Parse xsbuilder\maps/dav_type.map...
mkdir xs
writing...xs//typemap
Parse xsbuilder\maps/dav_functions.map...
WARNING: Cannot map type int(*)(void * ,const char * ,const char * ) for function ap_table_do
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_buffer_append
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_buffer_init
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_buffer_place
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_buffer_place_mem
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_check_bufsize
WARNING: Cannot map return type int * for function dav_collect_liveprop_uris
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_resource * * for function dav_ensure_resource_writable
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_lock_get_activelock
WARNING: Cannot map type dav_buffer * for function dav_set_bufsize
WARNING: Cannot map type int * for function dav_xml2text
struct array_header...
Parse xsbuilder\maps/dav_structure.map...
     elt_size...
     nelts...
     nalloc...
     elts...
struct dav_buffer...
struct dav_datum...
     dptr...
     dsize...
struct dav_dyn_context...

use ExtUtils::MakeMaker ();

my $apdir  = '/path/to/apache';
my $davdir = '/path/to/moddav';

%MMARGS = (
           'INC'    => "-I\"$davdir\" -I\"$apdir/include\" -I\"$apdir/os/unix\" -I\"$dir/xs\"  -I\"$dir/xsinclude\"",
           ) ;


open FH, ">xs/mmargs.pl" or die "Cannot open xs/mmargs.pl ($!)" ;
print FH Data::Dumper -> Dump ([\%MMARGS], ['MMARGS']) ;
close FH ;


ExtUtils::MakeMaker::WriteMakefile(
    'NAME'    => 'Apache::DAV',
    'VERSION' => '0.13',
    %MMARGS,
);

C:\perl\msrc\davint>perl Makefile.PL
Will use Apache in c:\programme\apache group\apache
Will use mod_dav in C:\perl\msrc\cvs\mod_dav
Checking if your kit is complete...
Looks good
Writing Makefile for Apache::Array
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Datum
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::DynContext
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::DynHooks
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::DynModule
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::DynProvider
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Error
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::HooksDb
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::HooksLiveprop
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::HooksLocks
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::HooksRepository
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::IfHeader
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Lock
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::LockDB
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::LockTokenList
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::LockupResult
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::PropCtx
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::PropsResult
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Resource
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Response
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::StateList
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::Text
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::TextHeader
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::WalkerCtx
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::XMLAttr
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::XMLDoc
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV::XMLElem
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV
Writing Makefile for Apache::TableEntry
Writing Makefile for Apache
Writing Makefile for WrapXS
Writing Makefile for Apache::DAV

XSBuilder already extracts source comments for functions and structures. It also parses doxygen comments, which are used in Apache 2.0. Lyle Brooks has started on automaticly createing POD files from this information.

Callbacks are the main area that needs improvement.

2020-07-07 perl v5.32.0