usbhid-ups - Driver for USB/HID UPS equipment
This man page only documents the hardware-specific features of the usbhid-ups driver. For information about the core driver, see nutupsdrv(8).
usbhid-ups brings USB/HID UPS monitoring to NUT on all platforms supporting USB through libusb. It should detect any UPS that uses the HID Power Device Class, but the amount of data will vary depending on the manufacturer and model.
At the present time, usbhid-ups supports:
For a more complete list, refer to the NUT hardware compatibility list, available in the source distribution as data/driver.list, or on the NUT website. You may use the "explore" driver option to gather information from HID UPSes which are not yet supported; see below for details.
This driver is known to work on:
This driver also supports the following optional settings:
The default value is 20 (in seconds). Usually this must be lower than ondelay, but the driver will not warn you upon startup if it isn’t.
Note that many Cyber Power Systems (CPS) models tend to divide this delay by 60 and round down, so the minimum advisable value is 60 to avoid powering off immediately after NUT sends the shutdown command to the UPS.
The default value is 30 (in seconds). Usually this must be greater than offdelay, but the driver will not warn you upon startup if it isn’t. Some UPSes will restart no matter what, even if the power is (still) out at the moment this timer elapses. In that case, you could see whether setting ondelay = -1 in ups.conf helps.
Note that many CPS models tend to divide this delay by 60 and round down, so the minimum advisable value is 120 to allow a short delay between when the UPS shuts down, and when the power returns.
vendor=regex, product=regex, serial=regex, vendorid=regex, productid=regex
device = regex
This driver is not built by default. You can build it by using "configure --with-usb=yes". Note that it will also install other USB drivers.
You also need to install manually the legacy hotplug files (libhidups and libhid.usermap, generally in /etc/hotplug/usb/), or the udev file (nut-usbups.rules, generally in /etc/udev/rules.d/) to address the permission settings problem. For more information, refer to the README file in nut/scripts/hotplug or nut/scripts/udev.
Selecting a specific UPS
The driver ignores the "port" value in ups.conf. Unlike previous versions of this driver, it is now possible to control multiple UPS units simultaneously with this driver, provided they can be distinguished by setting some combination of the "vendor", "product", "serial", "vendorid", and "productid" options. For instance:
driver = usbhid-ups
port = auto
vendorid = 0463 [tripplite]
driver = usbhid-ups
port = auto
vendorid = 09ae
USB Polling and Interrupt Transfers
The usbhid-ups driver has two polling intervals. The "pollinterval" configuration option controls what can be considered the "inner loop", where the driver polls and waits briefly for "interrupt" reports. The "pollfreq" option is for less frequent updates of a larger set of values, and as such, we recommend setting that interval to several times the value of "pollinterval".
Many UPSes will respond to a USB Interrupt In transfer with HID reports corresponding to values which have changed. This saves the driver from having to poll each value individually with USB Control transfers. Since the OB and LB status flags are important for a clean shutdown, the driver also explicitly polls the HID paths corresponding to those status bits during the inner "pollinterval" time period. The "pollonly" option can be used to skip the Interrupt In transfers if they are known not to work.
KNOWN ISSUES AND BUGS
Repetitive timeout and staleness
Some models tends to be unresponsive with the default polling frequency. The result is that your system log will have lots of messages like:
usb 2-1: control timeout on ep0in usb 2-1: usbfs: USBDEVFS_CONTROL failed cmd usbhid-ups rqt 128 rq 6 len 256 ret -110
In this case, simply modify the general parameter "pollinterval" to a higher value (such as 10 seconds). This should solve the issue.
Note that if you increase "pollinterval" beyond 10 or 15 seconds, you might also want to increase "pollfreq" by the same factor.
Got EPERM: Operation not permitted upon driver startup
You have forgotten to install the hotplug files, as explained in the INSTALLATION section above. Don’t forget to restart hotplug so that it applies these changes.
The hardware which was used for development of this driver is almost certainly different from what you have, and not all manufacturers follow the USB HID Power Device Class specifications to the letter. You don’t want to find out that yours has issues here when a power failure hits your server room and you’re not around to manually restart your servers.
If you rely on the UPS to shutdown your systems in case of mains failure and to restart them when the power returns, you must test this. You can do so by running upsmon -c fsd. With the mains present, this should bring your systems down and then cycle the power to restart them again. If you do the same without mains present, it should do the same, but in this case, the outputs shall remain off until mains power is applied again.
UPS cuts power too soon
Note that many Cyber Power Systems (CPS) models tend to divide offdelay by 60 and round down, so the minimum advisable value is 60 (seconds) to avoid powering off immediately after NUT sends the shutdown command to the UPS.
UPS does not set battery.charge.low but says OK
Note that many Cyber Power Systems (CPS) models tend to allow only certain values for battery.charge.low and anything outside of the set of allowed values are rounded or ignored.
A shell loop like this can help you map out the allowed values:
for i in `seq 90 -1 0`; do echo "set to $i"; \
upsrw -s battery.charge.low=$i -u * -p * cps-big; \
sleep 1; upsc cps-big battery.charge.low; echo ""; \ done
For example, for CPS PR1000LCDRTXL2U model, the only allowed values are [60,55,50,45,40,35,30,25,20] and in some cases, your UPS may effectively not support a value of 10 for the battery.charge.low setting.
This driver, formerly called newhidups, replaces the legacy hidups driver, which only supported Linux systems.
Originally sponsored by MGE UPS SYSTEMS.
Now sponsored by Eaton http://opensource.eaton.com
The core driver
The NUT (Network UPS Tools) home page: http://www.networkupstools.org/
|11/01/2022||Network UPS Tools 2.8.0|