geoipupdate(1) geoipupdate(1)

geoipupdate - GeoIP2, GeoLite2, and GeoIP Legacy Update Program

geoipupdate [-Vvh] [-f CONFIG_FILE] [-d TARGET_DIRECTORY]

geoipupdate automatically updates GeoIP2, GeoLite2, and GeoIP Legacy databases. The program connects to the MaxMind GeoIP Update server to check for new databases. If a new database is available, the program will download and install it.

If you are using a firewall, you must have the DNS and HTTPS ports open.

-d, --database-directory
Install databases to a custom directory. This is optional. If provided, it overrides any DatabaseDirectory set in the configuration file.
-f, --config-file
The configuration file to use. See GeoIP.conf and its documentation for more information. This is optional. It defaults to /etc/GeoIP.conf.
-h, --help
Display help and exit.
Show a stack trace on any error message. This is primarily useful for debugging.
-V, --version
Display version information and exit.
-v, --verbose
Enable verbose mode. Prints out the steps that geoipupdate takes.

geoipupdate returns 0 on success and 1 on error.

Typically you should run geoipupdate weekly. On most Unix-like systems, this can be achieved by using cron. Below is a sample crontab file that runs geoipupdate on each Wednesday at noon:

# top of crontab
0 12 * * 3 geoipupdate
# end of crontab

To use with a proxy server, update your GeoIP.conf file as specified in the GeoIP.conf man page or set the http_proxy environment variable.

Report bugs to <>.

Written by William Storey.

This software is Copyright (c) 2018-2022 by MaxMind, Inc.

This is free software, licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT License, at your option.

Visit our website ( to learn more about the GeoIP2 and GeoIP Legacy databases or to sign up for a subscription.