CURLOPT_UNIX_SOCKET_PATH - Unix domain socket

#include <curl/curl.h>
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_UNIX_SOCKET_PATH, char *path);

Enables the use of Unix domain sockets as connection endpoint and sets the path to path. If path is NULL, then Unix domain sockets are disabled.

When enabled, curl connects to the Unix domain socket instead of establishing a TCP connection to the host. Since no network connection is created, curl does not resolve the DNS hostname in the URL.

The maximum path length on Cygwin, Linux and Solaris is 107. On other platforms it might be even less.

Proxy and TCP options such as CURLOPT_TCP_NODELAY(3) are not supported. Proxy options such as CURLOPT_PROXY(3) have no effect either as these are TCP-oriented, and asking a proxy server to connect to a certain Unix domain socket is not possible.

The application does not have to keep the string around after setting this option.

Default is NULL, meaning that no Unix domain sockets are used.


int main(void)
  CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_UNIX_SOCKET_PATH, "/tmp/httpd.sock");
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "http://localhost/");

If you are on Linux and somehow have a need for paths larger than 107 bytes, you can use the proc filesystem to bypass the limitation:

  int dirfd = open(long_directory_path_to_socket, O_DIRECTORY | O_RDONLY);
  char path[108];
  snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "/proc/self/fd/%d/httpd.sock", dirfd);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_UNIX_SOCKET_PATH, path);
  /* Be sure to keep dirfd valid until you discard the handle */

Added in 7.40.0.

Returns CURLE_OK if the option is supported, and CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not.


2024-05-22 libcurl