CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File(3)

CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File - Initialize FormBuilder from external file

# use the main module
use CGI::FormBuilder;
my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(source => 'form.conf');
my $lname = $form->field('lname');  # like normal

This parses a file that contains FormBuilder configuration options, and returns a hash suitable for creating a new $form object. Usually, you should not use this directly, but instead pass a $filename into "CGI::FormBuilder", which calls this module.

The configuration format steals from Python (ack!) which is sensitive to indentation and newlines. This saves you work in the long run. Here's a complete form:

    # form basics
    method: POST
    header: 1
    title:  Account Information
    # define fields
            label:   First Name
            size:    40
            label:   Middle Initial
            size:    1
            label:   Last Name
            size:    60
            size:    80
            label:    Home Phone
            comment:  (optional)
            required: 0
            label:   Gender
            options: M=Male, F=Female
            jsclick: javascript:alert('Change your mind??')
        # custom options and sorting sub
            options:  \&getstates
            sortopts: \&sortstates
            label:   Upload Survey Data
            type:    file
            growable:   1
    # validate our above fields
        email:  EMAIL
        phone:  /^1?-?\d{3}-?\d{3}-?\d{4}$/
    required: ALL
    # create two submit buttons, and skip validation on "Cancel"
    submit:  Update, Cancel
    jsfunc:  <<EOJS
  // skip validation
  if (this._submit.value == 'Cancel') return true;
    # CSS
    styleclass: acctInfoForm
    stylesheet: /style/acct.css

Any option that FormBuilder accepts is supported by this configuration file. Basically, any time that you would place a new bracket to create a nested data structure in FormBuilder, you put a newline and indent instead.

Multiple options MUST be separated by commas. All whitespace is preserved intact, so don't be confused and do something like this:

        options: Yes No

Which will result in a single "Yes No" option. You want:

        options: Yes, No

Or even better:

        options: 1=Yes, 0=No

Or perhaps best of all:

        options: 1=Yes Please, 0=No Thanks

If you're confused, please join the mailing list:

We'll be able to help you out.


This creates a new "CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File" object.

my $source = CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File->new;

Any arguments specified are taken as defaults, which the file then overrides. For example, to always turn off "javascript" (so you don't have to in all your config files), use:

my $source = CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File->new(
                  javascript => 0

Then, every file parsed by $source will have "javascript => 0" in it, unless that file has a "javascript:" setting itself.

This parses the specified source, which is either a $file, "\$string", or "\@array", and returns a hash which can be passed directly into "CGI::FormBuilder":

my %conf = $source->parse('myform.conf');
my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(%conf);

This will actually write a module in the current directory which you can then use in subsequent scripts to get the same form:

$source->write_module('MyForm');    # write
# then in your Perl code
use MyForm;
my $form = MyForm->new;

You can also override settings from "MyForm" the same as you would in FormBuilder:

my $form = MyForm->new(
                header => 1,
                submit => ['Save Changes', 'Abort']

This will speed things up, since you don't have to re-parse the file every time. Nice idea Peter.

This module was completely inspired by Peter Eichman's "Text::FormBuilder", though the syntax is different.

Remember that to get a new level in a hashref, you need to add a newline and indent. So to get something like this:

table => {cellpadding => 1, cellspacing => 4},
td    => {align => 'center', bgcolor => 'gray'},
font  => {face => 'arial,helvetica', size => '+1'},

You need to say:

    cellpadding: 1
    cellspacing: 4
    align: center
    bgcolor: gray
    face: arial,helvetica
    size: +1

You get the idea...

CGI::FormBuilder, Text::FormBuilder

$Id: 100 2007-03-02 18:13:13Z nwiger $

Copyright (c) Nate Wiger All Rights Reserved.

This module is free software; you may copy this under the terms of the GNU General Public License, or the Artistic License, copies of which should have accompanied your Perl kit.

2023-07-25 perl v5.38.0